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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Indonesia
Indonesia

The main authorities for CRVS in Indonesia are the Ministry of National Development Planning and Social Protection and the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Civil registration is integral to the Indonesian government’s current poverty-reduction strategy, both for its ability to confer legal identity to citizens and as the principal source of the country’s vital statistics.

In the last four years, there have been many developments in Indonesia aimed at removing the barriers that have contributed to many children not having a birth certificate. These initiatives have been led by the President, Parliament, Ministries and the Supreme and Constitutional Courts of Indonesia. In 2016, the Minister for Home Affairs issued a Ministerial Regulation covering the Child ID Card, that aims to protect and fulfill the constitutional rights of citizens.  In order to obtain a child ID card, the parents must produce the child’s birth certificate and the family and ID cards of the parents or guardians. Also, the Minister for Home Affairs issued a Circular to all Provincial Governors and City Mayors and requested them to accelerate services for the recording and the publication of electronic ID cards and birth certificates.


The adoption of advanced technologies such as SIAK (Population Administration Information System) has been central to the current improvement of civil registration service provision. However, the success of these initiatives has been moderated by the lack of necessary facilities and equipment, internet connectivity, and human resources capability at the district and sub-district levels (Back to What Counts: Birth and Death in Indonesia, Center on Child Protection Universitas Indonesia (PUSKAPA), 2016).
 

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Muhammad Cholifihani, Director of Population Planning and Population Planning, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Developmnet Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)

RSG Member:

Mr. Muhammad Cholifihani, Director of Population Planning and Population Planning, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Developmnet Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)

Indonesia

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered
1.B
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered
1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2020, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2024 key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered

BASELINE

2014

52.1%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.B
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered

baseline

2014

71.2%

TARGET

2024

95%

1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2017

3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2020, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2020

3.G
By 2024 key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2024

3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.
Indonesia

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Indonesia: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Indonesia: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Indonesia: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Indonesia: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Indonesia: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Indonesia: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Indonesia: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Indonesia: Complete

Indonesia Events
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Indonesia News
27 March 2019
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
08 February 2019
Between 28 - 30 January, in Bangkok, Thailand, Vital Strategies and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP…
07 January 2019
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
02 June 2017
Every child has the right to a birth certificate. Without one, a child cannot progress through school, access free health care, acquire a passport,…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
09 May 2016
This workshop joins ESCAPs latest efforts to imporve CRVS in the region by using an Enterprise Architecture approach on the exisitng Civil…
27 April 2016
11 – 15 April 2016, New York During the 49th Commission on Population and Development the Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Indonesia Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
International Standards and Recommendations, Meeting Documents, Presentations, 2017
UN Statistics Division organized a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East Asian…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2018
The paper “Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to Understand Motivation to Register Births in Lombok, Indonesia” written by Anaise Williams, Santi…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2016
Civil registration is integral to the Indonesian government’s current poverty-reduction strategy, both for its ability to confer legal identity to…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Workshop on ensuring the recognition of the legal identity of all women and children in ASEAN Ten new countries join the Global…
Presentations, 2017
Indonesia's country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Boosting Birth Registration in East Java Reaching the Every Newborn National 2020 Milestones  CRVS and Disaster Risk Reduction…
Presentations, 2016
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles New report highlights ways to improve birth registration in Indonesia Cambodia develops a national strategic plan of identification with…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations,
Indonesia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to compare the legal frameworks governing birth registration in eleven jurisdictions. Birth registration is the process…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Opportunities: Consultancy at UNICEF UNHCR: The Campaign to end Statelessness For better health, countries must understand death…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2016
In Indonesia, the Plan International Birth Registration Innovation Team is working with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) to identify ways to…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Advocacy Materials, 2016
The Regional Support Office of the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime has initiated a project…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2013
The Baseline Study was conducted during 2012-2013 by the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Justice (AIPJ) and represents a collaborative research…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Statements, 2014
Indonesia issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Indonesia

The main authorities for CRVS in Indonesia are the Ministry of National Development Planning and Social Protection and the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Civil registration is integral to the Indonesian government’s current poverty-reduction strategy, both for its ability to confer legal identity to citizens and as the principal source of the country’s vital statistics.

In the last four years, there have been many developments in Indonesia aimed at removing the barriers that have contributed to many children not having a birth certificate. These initiatives have been led by the President, Parliament, Ministries and the Supreme and Constitutional Courts of Indonesia. In 2016, the Minister for Home Affairs issued a Ministerial Regulation covering the Child ID Card, that aims to protect and fulfill the constitutional rights of citizens.  In order to obtain a child ID card, the parents must produce the child’s birth certificate and the family and ID cards of the parents or guardians. Also, the Minister for Home Affairs issued a Circular to all Provincial Governors and City Mayors and requested them to accelerate services for the recording and the publication of electronic ID cards and birth certificates.


The adoption of advanced technologies such as SIAK (Population Administration Information System) has been central to the current improvement of civil registration service provision. However, the success of these initiatives has been moderated by the lack of necessary facilities and equipment, internet connectivity, and human resources capability at the district and sub-district levels (Back to What Counts: Birth and Death in Indonesia, Center on Child Protection Universitas Indonesia (PUSKAPA), 2016).
 

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Muhammad Cholifihani, Director of Population Planning and Population Planning, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Developmnet Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)

RSG Member:

Mr. Muhammad Cholifihani, Director of Population Planning and Population Planning, Ministry of National Development Planning/National Developmnet Planning Agency (BAPPENAS)

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