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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Kiribati
Kiribati

The Civil Registry Office, under the Ministry of Women, Youth and Social Affairs, is the main authority for civil registration in Kiribati. Several other stakeholders are also involved in the CRVS system, such as the Ministry of Justice, the Health Information Unit of the Ministry of Health and Medical Services, and the main producer of vital statistics, the National Statistics Office (NSO), under authority of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development. The development of the CRVS system has been placed in the Kiribati Population Policy (2014-2034) framework, addressing different problems faced by the inhabitants.

 

A lot of efforts have been put to increase the registration rate, with support from different international partners including UNICEF. Birth registration completeness has reached 84% for children under 5 years old (2015). Meanwhile, death registration was estimated to be 40% complete (2014). This progress has been achieved through mobile registration and other outreach programs. The system now also includes island council clerks and assistant clerks and church representatives, which play an important role in information gathering in remote islands and communities.

 

The planning allowed by a well-functioning CRVS system is even more important to Kiribati considering their fragile situation in the face of climate change, and the potential need for population relocation has encouraged authorities to develop it as quickly as possible. The challenges still faced include the barriers of remoteness, lack of communication, lack of knowledge and access to registration right and services, as well as the lack of a proper legal framework.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Tiensi Teea, Registrar for Births, Deaths and Marriages, Ministry of Women, Youth and Social Affairs

RSG Member:

Ms. Tebete England, Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Justice

Kiribati

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2020 annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 18.9 per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2020, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

Note: This country has not submitted estimates for the number of births for all years. The level of completeness of birth registration was therefore assessed with international estimates for every year, to allow comparison. These measurements are therefore to be interpreted with caution.

BASELINE

2014

81%

MIDTERM

2018

82%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

Note: These figures are from an administrative source, and not from surveys like for most countries.

baseline

2010

100%

MIDTERM

2018

86%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

100%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2014

16%

TARGET

2024

80%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2010

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2010

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2020 annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2020

3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2024

3.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2014

16%

TARGET

2024

80%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 18.9 per cent.

Note: This country's objective has been modified to reflect the current understanding of the target, expressing the percentage of ill-defined codes to achieve.

baseline

2014

31.5%

MIDTERM

2018

11.6%

TARGET

2024

18.9%

3.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

Note: In light of recent countries’ experiences, Verbal autopsy is not encouraged to be applied to a large population scale, but rather on a representative sample. To reflect this, Target 3E is not anymore monitored by the coverage percentage of Verbal autopsy, but by the use or not of Verbal autopsy and its different applications.

MIDTERM

No

TARGET

2024

Yes

3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2024

3.G
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2021

3.H
By 2020, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

Target achieved

Kiribati

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Kiribati: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Kiribati: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Kiribati: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Kiribati: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Kiribati: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Kiribati: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Kiribati: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Baseline

Status in Kiribati: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Midterm

Status in Kiribati: Complete

Kiribati Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Kiribati News
13 April 2020
The Pacific Island nations are preparing to review their CRVS laws and make recommendations for improving their national CRVS legal frameworks. With…
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
08 September 2017
The Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting was held in the Cook Islands from 28-30 August. Ministers emphasized the importance of CRVS to the health…
06 September 2017
The Cook Islands hosted the Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting 28-30 August 2017. Ministers again emphasized the importance of civil registration…
11 May 2017
Road traffic accidents and injuries are an important cause of premature deaths in the Pacific Islands, but are often poorly recorded in our cause of…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
18 September 2016
Over the last 2 weeks of September, 18 participants from six countries (Kiribati, Tuvalu, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands)…
27 April 2016
11 – 15 April 2016, New York During the 49th Commission on Population and Development the Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (…
19 April 2016
On 18-19 April, ESCAP convened a regional workshop for countries who received small grants to support national CRVS improvement activities. The…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
24 August 2015
UNICEF has just published three videos on birth registration in the Pacific, the videos highlight the different challenges as well as some of the…
Kiribati Resources
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Report, 2018
The Kiribati National Statistics Office together with the Kiribati Civil Registration Office and the Kiribati Health Information Unit published the …
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
If Kiribati were able to register all birth, all deaths and identify all causes of death wouldn’t we be in a position to make the best decisions for…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
Kiribati's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the New…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
Meeting Documents, 2014
Civil registration and vital statistics update briefing for the meeting of ministers of health of the Pacific island countries in Honiara July 2014
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Kiribati issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
In preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific a fact sheet on civil registration…
Kiribati

The Civil Registry Office, under the Ministry of Women, Youth and Social Affairs, is the main authority for civil registration in Kiribati. Several other stakeholders are also involved in the CRVS system, such as the Ministry of Justice, the Health Information Unit of the Ministry of Health and Medical Services, and the main producer of vital statistics, the National Statistics Office (NSO), under authority of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development. The development of the CRVS system has been placed in the Kiribati Population Policy (2014-2034) framework, addressing different problems faced by the inhabitants.

 

A lot of efforts have been put to increase the registration rate, with support from different international partners including UNICEF. Birth registration completeness has reached 84% for children under 5 years old (2015). Meanwhile, death registration was estimated to be 40% complete (2014). This progress has been achieved through mobile registration and other outreach programs. The system now also includes island council clerks and assistant clerks and church representatives, which play an important role in information gathering in remote islands and communities.

 

The planning allowed by a well-functioning CRVS system is even more important to Kiribati considering their fragile situation in the face of climate change, and the potential need for population relocation has encouraged authorities to develop it as quickly as possible. The challenges still faced include the barriers of remoteness, lack of communication, lack of knowledge and access to registration right and services, as well as the lack of a proper legal framework.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Tiensi Teea, Registrar for Births, Deaths and Marriages, Ministry of Women, Youth and Social Affairs

RSG Member:

Ms. Tebete England, Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Justice

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Events

News

Resources

Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Training and Tools, 2019