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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Cambodia
Cambodia

Civil registration in Cambodia is the responsibility of the General Department of Identification within the Ministry of Interior. Registration of all vital events is free and birth registration, in particular, must be performed within 30 days while death and marriage registrations must occur within 15 days. Birth, marriage and death certificates are generally issued within 3 days of registration. Cambodia's birth registration system is still paper-based and the 1,646 commune (sangkat) offices act as registration points, with Commune Chiefs serving as local registrars for vital events.

Hospitals issue death notification forms with less frequency than birth notification forms, and deaths must be registered in the commune of the deceased's permanent residence. Deaths occurring in health facilities are sometimes issued a medical certificate with cause of death information, but this certificate does not meet international standards and is not linked to the CRVS system.

Instead, doctors will enter cause of death information into their facility's ward register book. This information is then coded (not according to the ICD-10 system), used to prepare a monthly report, and entered into the online Health Management Information System used by more than 1,000 public health facilities. Health facilities are not obligated to report vital events and few private facilities report data to either the General Department of Identification or the Ministry of Health. Verbal autopsy is not presently being used in Cambodia.

Cambodia does not currently produce vital statistics reports based on civil registration data, however, some data on registration of vital events is available on the General Department of Identification website.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Phou Sok, Deputy Director of Civil Registration Department, Ministry of Interior

Cambodia

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 30 per cent compared with the baseline year.
3.E
By 2024, at least 10 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

53%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

2014

26%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.C
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

90%

1.D
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

TARGET

2024

30%

1.E
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

TARGET

2024

30%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

2.7%

TARGET

2024

90%

2.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2014

0.2%

TARGET

2024

90%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2024

3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2024

3.C
By 2024, at least 30 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

TARGET

2024

30%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 30 per cent compared with the baseline year.

TARGET

2024

30%

3.E
By 2024, at least 10 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

TARGET

2024

Yes

3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2024

3.G
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2024

3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2024

Cambodia

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Cambodia: Not started

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Cambodia: Not started

National Targets for 2024

Status in Cambodia: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Cambodia: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Cambodia: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Cambodia: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Cambodia: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Cambodia: Complete

Cambodia Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Cambodia News
27 March 2019
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
07 January 2019
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
11 October 2017
Expert Talks: Understanding civil registration and vital statistics systems is a series of 22 short interviews with CRVS experts from around the…
11 September 2017
Cambodia has completed a national baseline survey on the status of CRVS. The survey provides key benchmark data to monitor the country's progress…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Cambodia Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
International Standards and Recommendations, Meeting Documents, Presentations, 2017
UN Statistics Division organized a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East Asian…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Workshop on ensuring the recognition of the legal identity of all women and children in ASEAN Ten new countries join the Global…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Provides a brief overview of the current status of CRVS in Cambodia, including: Regional Action Framework targets Regional Action Framework…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Third meeting of the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific New video series on CRVS systems High-level panelists…
Presentations, 2017
Cambodia’s country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
The Royal Decree issued by the government of Cambodia formally establishing the National Steering Committee for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
This survey provides key baseline data on the status of CRVS in Cambodia. This data will be used as a benchmark to monitor Cambodia’s progress…
Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles New report highlights ways to improve birth registration in Indonesia Cambodia develops a national strategic plan of identification with…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Cambodia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2016
The National Strategic Plan aims to achieve a long-term vision for Cambodia — that every person has a legal identity. This will require building a…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2007
This publication presents the findings of an Asian Dvelopment Bank multi-country study on legal identity. Based on extensive field research conducted…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014
This comprehensive assessment reviewed the main aspects of Cambodia's Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system using the WHO guidance…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Country Statements, 2014
Cambodia issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Cambodia

Civil registration in Cambodia is the responsibility of the General Department of Identification within the Ministry of Interior. Registration of all vital events is free and birth registration, in particular, must be performed within 30 days while death and marriage registrations must occur within 15 days. Birth, marriage and death certificates are generally issued within 3 days of registration. Cambodia's birth registration system is still paper-based and the 1,646 commune (sangkat) offices act as registration points, with Commune Chiefs serving as local registrars for vital events.

Hospitals issue death notification forms with less frequency than birth notification forms, and deaths must be registered in the commune of the deceased's permanent residence. Deaths occurring in health facilities are sometimes issued a medical certificate with cause of death information, but this certificate does not meet international standards and is not linked to the CRVS system.

Instead, doctors will enter cause of death information into their facility's ward register book. This information is then coded (not according to the ICD-10 system), used to prepare a monthly report, and entered into the online Health Management Information System used by more than 1,000 public health facilities. Health facilities are not obligated to report vital events and few private facilities report data to either the General Department of Identification or the Ministry of Health. Verbal autopsy is not presently being used in Cambodia.

Cambodia does not currently produce vital statistics reports based on civil registration data, however, some data on registration of vital events is available on the General Department of Identification website.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Phou Sok, Deputy Director of Civil Registration Department, Ministry of Interior

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