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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

India
India

The Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner is responsible for civil registration as well as the production of vital statistics. The Ministry of Health supports the civil registration system providing incentives for registration, manpower and logistics support under the National Health Mission. 
There is no birth registration fee within the prescribed period of 21 days, although fees are prescribed for birth certificates and they vary according to state/local body.

 The Indian national CRVS coordination mechanism was established  in August 2015, while a national CRVS strategy and a comprehensive assessment are still in progress. In 2011, the Office of the Registrar General identified several challenges such as, lack of awareness regarding the need and importance of registration, low priority accorded to the system of civil registration by the states, lack of coordination among the concerned departments and low level of reporting by registration units. 

To tackle these issues, several initiatives have been taken. For example, legal items are now separated from statistical ones reducing the number of forms from 21 to 13, a more efficient coordination mechanism has been established and a nationwide database of medical institutions has been prepared. Also, a software application for online and offline registration of birth and death has been developed, this application covers the entire gamut of the civil registration system:  registration of events, generation of certificates, and generation of statistical tables and reports. The application, available in English, has been translated into 13 Indian languages and it is being implemented across all states. 
In addition, a new project on data digitization is being implemented, with the support of UNICEF, to keep old records in easy to retrieve digital form has started. This will help in storage of registers in electronic format and allow easy access to the records.
 

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Janardan Yadav, Additional Registrar General, Office of the Registrar General

RSG Member:

Mr. Janardan Yadav, Additional Registrar General, Office of the Registrar General

India

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2020, at least 75 per cent individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 7 per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year. [RAF Annex G]
3.G
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

Note: These figures do not represent the national level of completeness: they refer to the annual average completeness rate of States providing disaggregation of registration data by the duration between occurrence and registration. The number of States providing this data changes each year, completeness rates are thus not comparable across the years.

BASELINE

2014

92%

MIDTERM

2017

85%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

MIDTERM

2016

79.7%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2020, at least 75 per cent individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

75%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

Note: These figures do not represent the national level of completeness: they refer to the annual average completeness rate of States providing disaggregation of registration data by the duration between occurrence and registration. The number of States providing this data changes each year, completeness rates are thus not comparable across the years.

baseline

2014

82%

MIDTERM

2017

85%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2014

32.3%

MIDTERM

2017

48.7%

TARGET

2024

60%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2024

3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2024

3.C
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2013

11.6%

TARGET

2024

60%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 7 per cent.

baseline

2013

3.3%

MIDTERM

2017

4.9%

TARGET

2024

7%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

Note: In light of recent countries’ experiences, Verbal autopsy is not encouraged to be applied to a large population scale, but rather on a representative sample. To reflect this, Target 3E is not anymore monitored by the coverage percentage of Verbal autopsy, but by the use or not of Verbal autopsy and its different applications.

MIDTERM

Yes

3.F
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year. [RAF Annex G]

TARGET

2024

3.G
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2024

India

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in India: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in India: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in India: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in India: Plans

Inequality Assessment

Status in India: Not started

National Strategy

Status in India: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in India: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Baseline

Status in India: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Midterm

Status in India: Complete

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India

The Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner is responsible for civil registration as well as the production of vital statistics. The Ministry of Health supports the civil registration system providing incentives for registration, manpower and logistics support under the National Health Mission. 
There is no birth registration fee within the prescribed period of 21 days, although fees are prescribed for birth certificates and they vary according to state/local body.

 The Indian national CRVS coordination mechanism was established  in August 2015, while a national CRVS strategy and a comprehensive assessment are still in progress. In 2011, the Office of the Registrar General identified several challenges such as, lack of awareness regarding the need and importance of registration, low priority accorded to the system of civil registration by the states, lack of coordination among the concerned departments and low level of reporting by registration units. 

To tackle these issues, several initiatives have been taken. For example, legal items are now separated from statistical ones reducing the number of forms from 21 to 13, a more efficient coordination mechanism has been established and a nationwide database of medical institutions has been prepared. Also, a software application for online and offline registration of birth and death has been developed, this application covers the entire gamut of the civil registration system:  registration of events, generation of certificates, and generation of statistical tables and reports. The application, available in English, has been translated into 13 Indian languages and it is being implemented across all states. 
In addition, a new project on data digitization is being implemented, with the support of UNICEF, to keep old records in easy to retrieve digital form has started. This will help in storage of registers in electronic format and allow easy access to the records.
 

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Janardan Yadav, Additional Registrar General, Office of the Registrar General

RSG Member:

Mr. Janardan Yadav, Additional Registrar General, Office of the Registrar General

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Events

News

Resources

Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2020
Training and Tools, 2019