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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Malaysia
Malaysia

The principal authority for civil registration in Malaysia is the National Registration Department (NRD), under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). The NRD works with the Ministry of Health for birth registration, and with the Royal Malaysian Police for death registration. Vital statistics are produced and published by the Department of Statistics (DOS). In addition to those institutions, the national CRVS steering committee also includes the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Education, the Economic Planning Unit, the Attorney-general’s office, and other stakeholders.

In 2017, the period for timely registration were extended to respectively 60 days and 7 days, in a move to improve civil registration completeness. The completeness of registration is quite high and was already estimated to be over 95% in 2014. But there are still some regional inequalities, especially for Sabah and Sarawak, which, because of their isolations and the presence of indigenous populations, have lower registration rates. To tackle this issue, the Malaysian government has implemented several programs aimed at reaching isolated communities, such as mobile registration, or 1-Stop centers to simplify administrative processes.

Some challenges remain prominent for the CRVS system development, such as improving the quality of data, especially on causes of death, which still show significant differences between the sources.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Zamari MOHD RAMLI, Undersecretary National Registration and Societies Division, Ministry of Home Affairs and Ms. Suzaila Shaharudin, Director Policy Coordination and Monitoring Division, National Registration Department

RSG Member:

Ms. Nazaria Baharudin, Deputy Chief Statistician, Malaysia Department of Statistics

Malaysia

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 98 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered
1.B
By 2024, at least 99.5 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered
1.C
By 2024, at least 99.5 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 98 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered

BASELINE

2015

97.7%

TARGET

2024

98%

1.B
By 2024, at least 99.5 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered

TARGET

2024

99.5%

1.C
By 2024, at least 99.5 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered

baseline

2015

93.2%

TARGET

2024

99.5%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2015

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2015

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2015

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2015

3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2015

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2014

85%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.

baseline

2014

10.6%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2015

3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2015

3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2015

Malaysia

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Malaysia: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Malaysia: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Malaysia: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Malaysia: Complete

Inequality Assessment

Status in Malaysia: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Malaysia: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Malaysia: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Malaysia: Complete

Malaysia Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Malaysia News
14 December 2018
angkok, Thailand For the concluding activity of the collaborative ESCAP-Vital Strategies project to strengthen national capacities in producing and…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
25 November 2016
The Statistics Division of ESCAP has sent invitations to National Statistical Offices (NSOs) to express their interest in participating in a project…
27 April 2016
11 – 15 April 2016, New York During the 49th Commission on Population and Development the Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Malaysia Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Presentations, 2017
Posters on cause of death, demographic statistics, household information, vital statistics, and fertility displayed by Malaysia as part of the CRVS…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Presentations, 2016
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles New Chair of the Regional Steering Group on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific Reporting on baselines and national targets for the Regional …
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Malaysia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Happy 2017 from the ESCAP CRVS team Many Data4Health resources now publically available to assist countries Malaysia amends Act to make…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Country Statements, 2016
An Act to amend the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957.
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Statements, 2014
Malaysia issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Malaysia

The principal authority for civil registration in Malaysia is the National Registration Department (NRD), under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). The NRD works with the Ministry of Health for birth registration, and with the Royal Malaysian Police for death registration. Vital statistics are produced and published by the Department of Statistics (DOS). In addition to those institutions, the national CRVS steering committee also includes the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Education, the Economic Planning Unit, the Attorney-general’s office, and other stakeholders.

In 2017, the period for timely registration were extended to respectively 60 days and 7 days, in a move to improve civil registration completeness. The completeness of registration is quite high and was already estimated to be over 95% in 2014. But there are still some regional inequalities, especially for Sabah and Sarawak, which, because of their isolations and the presence of indigenous populations, have lower registration rates. To tackle this issue, the Malaysian government has implemented several programs aimed at reaching isolated communities, such as mobile registration, or 1-Stop centers to simplify administrative processes.

Some challenges remain prominent for the CRVS system development, such as improving the quality of data, especially on causes of death, which still show significant differences between the sources.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Zamari MOHD RAMLI, Undersecretary National Registration and Societies Division, Ministry of Home Affairs and Ms. Suzaila Shaharudin, Director Policy Coordination and Monitoring Division, National Registration Department

RSG Member:

Ms. Nazaria Baharudin, Deputy Chief Statistician, Malaysia Department of Statistics

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