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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Australia
Australia

The registration of vital events (birth, deaths, marriages, adoptions, etc.) and the provision of certificates is the responsibility of the Registrars and Registrars-General for each of the eight different state and territorial governments in Australia. Birth registration is compulsory in each state/territory. Regarding cost, for example, in Victoria there is no fee for birth registration, but there is a fee for the issuance of certificates.

Each state or territory is also required to submit vital statistical information to the Australian Bureau of Statistics which produces dis-aggregated data for key statistics users, including the Commonwealth Department of Health and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms Linda Fardell, Program Manager, Health and Disability Statistics, Australian Bureau of Statistics

RSG Member:

Ms Linda Fardell, Program Manager, Health and Disability Statistics, Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australia

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered
1.B
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner havean underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD.
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered

BASELINE

2014

96%

MIDTERM

2017

96%

TARGET

2024

99%

1.B
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

99%

1.C
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

99%

1.D
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2017

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.C
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner havean underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD.

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

Target achieved

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.

baseline

2011

0.8%

MIDTERM

2018

1.4%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

Note: In light of recent countries’ experiences, Verbal autopsy is not encouraged to be applied to a large population scale, but rather on a representative sample. To reflect this, Target 3E is not anymore monitored by the coverage percentage of Verbal autopsy, but by the use or not of Verbal autopsy and its different applications.

baseline

2014

No

MIDTERM

No

3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

Target achieved

Australia

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Australia: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Australia: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Australia: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Australia: Complete

Inequality Assessment

Status in Australia: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Australia: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Australia: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Baseline

Status in Australia: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Midterm

Status in Australia: Complete

Australia Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Australia News
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
17 April 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars Network (PCRN) has been working to facilitate cross-border sharing of civil registration records where birth has…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Australia Resources
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
New South Wales' presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Presentations, 2016
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Getting Every One in the Picture- What is 'universal registration' ? Who is your national CRVS focal point? Trial of data sharing in…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Australia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2016
As part of the reporting structure of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific, by the…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2015
Having a birth certificate is a key to citizenship. Most people born in this country take it for granted that they can prove they are Australian and…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements,
Australia issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2014
The New South Wales Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages (“the Registry”) is reviewing the content of birth certificates in Australia. This review…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, Training and Tools, 2013
The objective of this study is to synthesise the findings from a large number of studies that have used medical record reviews to validate the COD…
Advocacy Materials, Training and Tools, 2010
This working paper provides practical information on the preparation and use of a business case in support of a civil registration system. The paper…
Australia

The registration of vital events (birth, deaths, marriages, adoptions, etc.) and the provision of certificates is the responsibility of the Registrars and Registrars-General for each of the eight different state and territorial governments in Australia. Birth registration is compulsory in each state/territory. Regarding cost, for example, in Victoria there is no fee for birth registration, but there is a fee for the issuance of certificates.

Each state or territory is also required to submit vital statistical information to the Australian Bureau of Statistics which produces dis-aggregated data for key statistics users, including the Commonwealth Department of Health and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms Linda Fardell, Program Manager, Health and Disability Statistics, Australian Bureau of Statistics

RSG Member:

Ms Linda Fardell, Program Manager, Health and Disability Statistics, Australian Bureau of Statistics

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