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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Nepal
Nepal

Civil registration started to be carried out in Nepal in 1950, and the legislation was adapted in 1976. Since 2014, the Department of Civil Registration (DOCR) is the main national entity in charge, and its tasks include offline and online Vital Registration, reporting of VR from local bodies on regular basis (monthly and annually), VR report publication and dissemination (annually), and preparing demographic data required for social protection allowance distribution program. The Ministries of Federal Affairs and General Administration and of Health and Population have been collaborating for inter-agency co-operation at local level, by establishing a steering committee and a technical committee in 2014, also including the Central Bureau of Statistics, responsible for vital statistics reports, and local stakeholders.

The legal time limit for birth, death and marriage registration is 35 days, and all operations are free of charge. Birth registration is necessary for many different administrative processes, including school attendance or access to a cash grant for poor families. For birth registration, different surveys indicate between 56 and 76 percent registration completeness in the years 2014-2016. Death registration is estimated to be around 75% complete.

The challenges faced by the country on the road to complete civil registration and efficient vital statistics system include scattered demographics along the hills and mountains, weak infrastructure and connectivity, legal complexity and limited human resources.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Jitendra Basntet, Director General, Department of National ID and Civil Registration, Ministry of Home Affairs

Nepal

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD.
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 50 per cent compared with the baseline year.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 99 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2015

76%

TARGET

2024

99%

1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

90%

1.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

80%

1.D
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2015

75%

TARGET

2024

80%

1.E
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2013/14

45.4%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2015

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2015

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2024

3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2024

3.C
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD.

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2013/14

45.4%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 50 per cent compared with the baseline year.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2024

Nepal

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Nepal: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Nepal: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Nepal: In progress

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Nepal: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Nepal: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Nepal: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Nepal: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Nepal: Complete

Nepal Events
The second CR8 meeting was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Nepal News
30 August 2018
The first meeting of the Civil Registration Professionals of South Asia (CR8) took place between 24 - 25 July in Kathmandu, Nepal. Co-organized by…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
02 December 2016
The World Bank has approved a credit of US$ 150 million to help the Government of Nepal expand coverage of civil registration and modernize the…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Nepal Resources
Newsletters, 2019
Articles 23 Member Countries have already reported on their CRVS progress since 2015 South Asia makes huge progress in birth registration, shows…
Report, 2018
Civil registration is a priority on the policy agenda of countries across South Asia. The governments in the region are committed to achieving the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
The "Status of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in South Asia" report documents the policies, systems and procedures in place for the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2011
This document features nine recent innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF programmes which are illustrative examples of some of our work on…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment to CRVS at the Fifth Committee on Statistics World Bank Approves $150 Million to Modernize Nepal’s Social Protection…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2010
The handbook is one of the outputs of the Asian Development Bank regional technical assistance (TA) on Improving Administrative Data Sources for the…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2007
This publication presents the findings of an Asian Dvelopment Bank multi-country study on legal identity. Based on extensive field research conducted…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Country Statements, 2014
Nepal issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Nepal

Civil registration started to be carried out in Nepal in 1950, and the legislation was adapted in 1976. Since 2014, the Department of Civil Registration (DOCR) is the main national entity in charge, and its tasks include offline and online Vital Registration, reporting of VR from local bodies on regular basis (monthly and annually), VR report publication and dissemination (annually), and preparing demographic data required for social protection allowance distribution program. The Ministries of Federal Affairs and General Administration and of Health and Population have been collaborating for inter-agency co-operation at local level, by establishing a steering committee and a technical committee in 2014, also including the Central Bureau of Statistics, responsible for vital statistics reports, and local stakeholders.

The legal time limit for birth, death and marriage registration is 35 days, and all operations are free of charge. Birth registration is necessary for many different administrative processes, including school attendance or access to a cash grant for poor families. For birth registration, different surveys indicate between 56 and 76 percent registration completeness in the years 2014-2016. Death registration is estimated to be around 75% complete.

The challenges faced by the country on the road to complete civil registration and efficient vital statistics system include scattered demographics along the hills and mountains, weak infrastructure and connectivity, legal complexity and limited human resources.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Jitendra Basntet, Director General, Department of National ID and Civil Registration, Ministry of Home Affairs

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