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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Bangladesh
Bangladesh

The CRVS system in Bangladesh is the shared functional responsibility of four agencies: the Office of the Registrar General, Birth and Death Registration, Local Government Division; the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics and Informatics Division; the Directorate General of Health Services, Health Services Division; and the Office of the Inspector General of Registration, Law and Justice Division.

Bangladesh introduced the online Birth Registration Information System (BRIS) in 2010 to replace manual birth registration. Each birth registered is assigned a 17-digit Birth Registration Number and pursuant to the Birth and Death Registration Act of 2004, both registration and issuance of certificates are free for birth and death. Registration is also compulsory within 45 days following a birth or death, and a late fee is charged for any registration occurring after 45 days.

Bangladesh recently started practicing the international standard medical certificate of cause of death in four hospitals and introduced MCCoD in another nineteen hospitals on a pilot basis. At selected large hospitals where many deaths occur, physicians were trained to use the ICD certificate for cause of death, and statistical coding is done in accordance with the Startup Mortality List (ICD-10-SMoL). Verbal autopsy was also introduced in selected areas of the country for community deaths where there is no medical certificate for cause of death.

Presently, Bangladesh does not produce dis-aggregated vital statistics reports from civil registration data. Instead, the Office of the Registrar General produces aggregated e-reports with the number of birth and death registrations from seven division, as well as the percentage of birth registrations against estimated population numbers and provides "real time" data its website. In addition, with support from UNICEF, the Directorate General of Health Services uses the DHIS2 health dashboard to collect and compile aggregated health data.

The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is the official source of vital statistics data and produces dis-aggregated reports from the Sample Vital Registration System (SVRS). Under the "Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh" project, the SVRS covers 2012 primary sampling units, each comprising 100-150 households. The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics then dis-aggregates the regional and national figures and publishes them on its website.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Mohammed Shahidul Islam, Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Division, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

RSG Member:

Dr. Shahnaz Arefin, Additional Secretary, Cabinet Division, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2021, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2021, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 50 per cent compared with the baseline year.
3.E
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2021, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

10.7%

MIDTERM

2018

22.8%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

100%

1.D
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2013

4.7%

MIDTERM

2018

23.9%

TARGET

2024

50%

1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2017

2.5%

MIDTERM

2018

19.6%

TARGET

2024

80%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2013

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2021, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2021

3.B
By 2021, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2021

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2014

39%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 50 per cent compared with the baseline year.

baseline

2017

2.4%

MIDTERM

2018

2.8%

TARGET

2024

1.2%

3.E
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

MIDTERM

Yes

TARGET

2024

Yes

3.F
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2021

3.G
By 2021, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2021

3.H
By 2021, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2021

Bangladesh

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

Inequality Assessment

Status in Bangladesh: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Bangladesh: Complete

Bangladesh Events
The second CR8 meeting was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the…
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
24 July 2018 - 25 July 2018
The UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (UNICEF-ROSA) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) are…
23 January 2018 - 25 January 2018
The CRVS Secretariat of the Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh is organizing the "International Conference on CRVS, 2018" to be held on 23-…
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
As part of  strengthening Management Information Systems (MIS), Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has been using Information…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Bangladesh News
17 March 2020
OpenCRVS is an open-source, digital CRVS system designed for low-resource settings. The system pilot is now live in Bangladesh. The OpenCRVS pilot…
22 July 2019
A delegation of 8 officials from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics(BBS) visited Maldives National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) from 25-27 June 2019 to…
30 August 2018
The first meeting of the Civil Registration Professionals of South Asia (CR8) took place between 24 - 25 July in Kathmandu, Nepal. Co-organized by…
29 January 2018
The CRVS Secretariat of the Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh organized the "International Conference on CRVS, 2018" on 23-25 January 2018…
24 October 2017
In the following interviews held on the sidelines of the Third meeting of the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific, participants…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
09 May 2016
This workshop joins ESCAPs latest efforts to imporve CRVS in the region by using an Enterprise Architecture approach on the exisitng Civil…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Bangladesh Resources
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, Report, 2020
This publication builds on the success of the first meeting of the Civil Registration Professionals of South Asia in July 2018 and expands on the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2020
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Newsletters, 2019
Articles 23 Member Countries have already reported on their CRVS progress since 2015 South Asia makes huge progress in birth registration, shows…
Report, 2018
Civil registration is a priority on the policy agenda of countries across South Asia. The governments in the region are committed to achieving the…
Newsletters, 2019
Articles  Upcoming meeting of the Regional Steering Group  Midterm review questionnaires to be sent to national CRVS focal points soon…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
The "Status of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in South Asia" report documents the policies, systems and procedures in place for the…
Advocacy Materials, Report, 2017
This paper presents successful examples from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jordan, Kenya and Thailand on how statelessness has been addressed through birth…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2018
Provides a brief overview of the current status of CRVS in Bangladesh, including: Regional Action Framework targets Regional Action Framework…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Data sharing in the Pacific - New Zealand and Niue share registration data Kyrgyzstan progressing on a national strategy for CRVS…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Bangladesh's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to compare the legal frameworks governing birth registration in eleven jurisdictions. Birth registration is the process…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Meeting Documents, 2014
A global meeting on civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) took place in Addis Ababa from 28-29 April 2014, co-hosted by the UN Economic…
Meeting Documents, Report, 2014
A global meeting on civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) took place in Addis Ababa from 28-29 April 2014, co-hosted by the UN Economic…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Opportunities: Working with CRVS Regional Partnership meeting on Civil registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific CRVS…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2007
This publication presents the findings of an Asian Dvelopment Bank multi-country study on legal identity. Based on extensive field research conducted…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Presentations, 2014
This material was presented during the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014
Country Statements, 2014
Bangladesh issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2015
As part of the reporting structure of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific, by the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2014
As part of Bangladesh Vision 2021, the government of Bangladesh is committed to building a country whose citizens are able to live prosperous and…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2013
An assessment of the Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system in Bangladesh was undertaken to identify gaps. Following this process, a…
Bangladesh

The CRVS system in Bangladesh is the shared functional responsibility of four agencies: the Office of the Registrar General, Birth and Death Registration, Local Government Division; the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics and Informatics Division; the Directorate General of Health Services, Health Services Division; and the Office of the Inspector General of Registration, Law and Justice Division.

Bangladesh introduced the online Birth Registration Information System (BRIS) in 2010 to replace manual birth registration. Each birth registered is assigned a 17-digit Birth Registration Number and pursuant to the Birth and Death Registration Act of 2004, both registration and issuance of certificates are free for birth and death. Registration is also compulsory within 45 days following a birth or death, and a late fee is charged for any registration occurring after 45 days.

Bangladesh recently started practicing the international standard medical certificate of cause of death in four hospitals and introduced MCCoD in another nineteen hospitals on a pilot basis. At selected large hospitals where many deaths occur, physicians were trained to use the ICD certificate for cause of death, and statistical coding is done in accordance with the Startup Mortality List (ICD-10-SMoL). Verbal autopsy was also introduced in selected areas of the country for community deaths where there is no medical certificate for cause of death.

Presently, Bangladesh does not produce dis-aggregated vital statistics reports from civil registration data. Instead, the Office of the Registrar General produces aggregated e-reports with the number of birth and death registrations from seven division, as well as the percentage of birth registrations against estimated population numbers and provides "real time" data its website. In addition, with support from UNICEF, the Directorate General of Health Services uses the DHIS2 health dashboard to collect and compile aggregated health data.

The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is the official source of vital statistics data and produces dis-aggregated reports from the Sample Vital Registration System (SVRS). Under the "Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh" project, the SVRS covers 2012 primary sampling units, each comprising 100-150 households. The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics then dis-aggregates the regional and national figures and publishes them on its website.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Mohammed Shahidul Islam, Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Division, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

RSG Member:

Dr. Shahnaz Arefin, Additional Secretary, Cabinet Division, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

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Events

News

Resources

Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2020
Training and Tools, 2019