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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Samoa
Samoa

The civil registration system is organized by the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Division, which is a division of the Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS), responsible for the production of vital statistics. There are two offices, one on each of the main islands, and families are required to present to the office in person, for both birth and death registration. Both electronic and paper registration are used, but there is a regularly updated central database.

In 2013, a CRVS committee was established, with stakeholders from the SBS, Ministry of Health, National Health Services, Ministry of Woman community and Social development, Ministry of Justice and Courts Administration, Ministry of Police, and Ministry of Education Sports and Culture. It allowed for progress in communication of births in health facilities, and assessment of cause of death.  It developed a National CRVS Improvement Plan that it has since been implementing.

Births must be notified to the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Division within 14 days, or in the case of the Director General of Health, no later than 28 days. In the case of death registration, families must notify the Registrar within 14 days from the date of the funeral. Births and Deaths Certificates are subject to a WST $15 fee, which is increased to WST $35 in case of late birth registration.

In 2017, birth registration was estimated to be 65% complete within 1 year of birth, 75% complete within 5 years, and 85% of the total population was estimated to have had their birth registered. For death registration, it was estimated to be 88% complete within 1 year of death, while cause of death from a medical certificate was provided for approximately 70% of all deaths. ICD-10 has been adopted, and training is provided to medical practitioners through partners.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Aliimuamua Malaefono Taua-T. Faasalaina, Registrar General and Government Statistician, Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS)

Samoa

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered
1.E
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By 2019, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention 14 of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to ... per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2019, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2019, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2019, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

46%

MIDTERM

2018

79%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.B
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

MIDTERM

2014

58.6%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

95%

1.D
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered

baseline

2014

60%

MIDTERM

2018

82%

TARGET

2024

90%

1.E
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

TARGET

2024

95%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2011

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

90%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2013

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By 2019, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention 14 of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

TARGET

2024

70%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to ... per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

Note: In light of recent countries’ experiences, Verbal autopsy is not encouraged to be applied to a large population scale, but rather on a representative sample. To reflect this, Target 3E is not anymore monitored by the coverage percentage of Verbal autopsy, but by the use or not of Verbal autopsy and its different applications.

3.F
By 2019, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2019, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2019, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.
Samoa

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Samoa: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Samoa: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Samoa: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Samoa: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Samoa: Plans

National Strategy

Status in Samoa: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Samoa: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Baseline

Status in Samoa: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Midterm

Status in Samoa: Complete

Samoa Events
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Samoa News
05 January 2018
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and Fiji…
04 December 2017
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the…
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
08 September 2017
The Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting was held in the Cook Islands from 28-30 August. Ministers emphasized the importance of CRVS to the health…
06 September 2017
The Cook Islands hosted the Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting 28-30 August 2017. Ministers again emphasized the importance of civil registration…
11 May 2017
Road traffic accidents and injuries are an important cause of premature deaths in the Pacific Islands, but are often poorly recorded in our cause of…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
18 September 2016
Over the last 2 weeks of September, 18 participants from six countries (Kiribati, Tuvalu, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands)…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
05 April 2016
Samoa's Government Statistician recently came for a study visit to the Bureau of Registration Administration of Thailand (BORA). On April 5th, staff…
Samoa Resources
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
Samoa's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the New…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
Meeting Documents, 2014
Civil registration and vital statistics update briefing for the meeting of ministers of health of the Pacific island countries in Honiara July 2014
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
In preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific a fact sheet on civil registration…
Samoa

The civil registration system is organized by the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Division, which is a division of the Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS), responsible for the production of vital statistics. There are two offices, one on each of the main islands, and families are required to present to the office in person, for both birth and death registration. Both electronic and paper registration are used, but there is a regularly updated central database.

In 2013, a CRVS committee was established, with stakeholders from the SBS, Ministry of Health, National Health Services, Ministry of Woman community and Social development, Ministry of Justice and Courts Administration, Ministry of Police, and Ministry of Education Sports and Culture. It allowed for progress in communication of births in health facilities, and assessment of cause of death.  It developed a National CRVS Improvement Plan that it has since been implementing.

Births must be notified to the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Division within 14 days, or in the case of the Director General of Health, no later than 28 days. In the case of death registration, families must notify the Registrar within 14 days from the date of the funeral. Births and Deaths Certificates are subject to a WST $15 fee, which is increased to WST $35 in case of late birth registration.

In 2017, birth registration was estimated to be 65% complete within 1 year of birth, 75% complete within 5 years, and 85% of the total population was estimated to have had their birth registered. For death registration, it was estimated to be 88% complete within 1 year of death, while cause of death from a medical certificate was provided for approximately 70% of all deaths. ICD-10 has been adopted, and training is provided to medical practitioners through partners.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Aliimuamua Malaefono Taua-T. Faasalaina, Registrar General and Government Statistician, Samoa Bureau of Statistics (SBS)

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Events

News

Resources

Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014