Planning the way to universal registration: Indonesia’s National CRVS Strategy

IndonesiaSince 2011, the Government of Indonesia has strengthened its CRVS system through progressive steps. A standard-based CRVS assessment in 2011–2012 mapped the challenges, and these were addressed in the Medium-Term Development Plan in 2015, which included legal identity as one of five basic services to alleviate poverty. The plan also set specific targets for subgroups of the population most at risk of exclusion. Finally, a comprehensive multisectoral national CRVS strategy was endorsed through Presidential Regulation No. 62/2019. The strategy contains clear targets to be achieved by 2024, partly aligned with the three goals and targets of the Regional Action Framework.

The strategy pinpoints supply side and demand side action to achieve universal registration. On the supply side, the number of registration points and their geographical coverage will be increased. The human resources attributed to civil registration and the simplification of the procedures through innovative approaches are other critical points in making sure every Indonesian has a real opportunity to register. On the demand side, enhancing awareness is another pillar of the strategy, with special attention to the different sociocultural practices present in the country.

Regular surveys have shown that children in the poorest households, or in remote provinces and rural areas are more likely to lack identification documents. This problem had already been partly addressed when charges for legal identity documents were supressed in 2013 or targeted campaigns were carried out in some provinces. Gaps remain, and proof of identity is critical for marginalized groups to assert their rights, thus the strategy has pledged to uphold these efforts so no one is left behind in the access to a legal identity.

To develop and improve the vital statistics system the strategy aims for collaboration among stakeholders to address technical difficulties, and integrate and link different data sources, including civil registration and census.

Finally, to strengthen coordination between the different entities of the CRVS system, a National Team was established in 2019, with the Ministry of Planning as secretariat. The Team includes different ministries and as well as local stakeholders involved in the provision of civil registration services and the production of vital statistics.