Menu

CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Turkey
Turkey

Turkey’s Ministry of Interior is responsible for the civil registration activities, through the District Population Directorates. The registers are digitally centralized through the MERNIS system, which provides a database and filling forms, and attributes a unique personal ID number to each citizen newly registered. The vital statistics are produced by the Turkish Statistical Institute, which uses the MERNIS database and compares the data with population and health surveys and population projection results for quality control.

In 2015, 90% of births were registered in the first year, 95% at the end of second year, and registration was complete after 5 years. The numbers were approximately the same for death registration.

A birth must be registered within 30 days if it occurred within the boundary of country and within 60 days if it occurred abroad. The legal limit for death registration is 10 days. There is no fee both, but if registration does not occur during legally defined limits, fines can be applied. Death reports need to be filed by physicians, or for some communities by the village’s Mukhtar. Death registration is necessary to obtain a funeral permit.

CRVS Focal Point:

Dr. Sebnem Beşe Canpolat, Head of Demographic Statistics Department, Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)

Turkey

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 1.5 per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

99%

MIDTERM

2018

99%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

MIDTERM

2013

98.6%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

2013

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

2014

99%

MIDTERM

2018

99%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2013

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

2013

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

 

Note: This target was not monitored as part of the Midterm Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Regional Action Framework for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 1.5 per cent.

baseline

2013

2.9%

MIDTERM

2018

4.3%

TARGET

2024

1.5%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

Note: In light of recent countries’ experiences, Verbal autopsy is not encouraged to be applied to a large population scale, but rather on a representative sample. To reflect this, Target 3E is not anymore monitored by the coverage percentage of Verbal autopsy, but by the use or not of Verbal autopsy and its different applications.

baseline

No

MIDTERM

No

TARGET

2024

Yes

3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

Target achieved

Turkey

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Turkey: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Turkey: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Turkey: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Turkey: Plans

Inequality Assessment

Status in Turkey: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Turkey: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Turkey: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Baseline

Status in Turkey: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP - Midterm

Status in Turkey: Complete

Turkey Events
The Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for strengthening CRVS was…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Turkey News
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Turkey Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation given by the Turkish Statistical Institute, Demographic Statistics Department, Vital and Gender Statistics Group to the Sub-regional…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation by the Istanbul Regional Office to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation by Turkey to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation by Mehmet Günal Turkish Statistical Institute, Social Sector Statistics Department Health and Social Protections Statistics Group, to…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation by Nevin Uysal, TurkStat Expert, Turkish Statistical Institute, to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Newsletters, 2015
Articles President declares 2015-2024 as CRVS decade in Philippines Guidelines for setting and monitoring the goals and targets of the Regional…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Turkey

Turkey’s Ministry of Interior is responsible for the civil registration activities, through the District Population Directorates. The registers are digitally centralized through the MERNIS system, which provides a database and filling forms, and attributes a unique personal ID number to each citizen newly registered. The vital statistics are produced by the Turkish Statistical Institute, which uses the MERNIS database and compares the data with population and health surveys and population projection results for quality control.

In 2015, 90% of births were registered in the first year, 95% at the end of second year, and registration was complete after 5 years. The numbers were approximately the same for death registration.

A birth must be registered within 30 days if it occurred within the boundary of country and within 60 days if it occurred abroad. The legal limit for death registration is 10 days. There is no fee both, but if registration does not occur during legally defined limits, fines can be applied. Death reports need to be filed by physicians, or for some communities by the village’s Mukhtar. Death registration is necessary to obtain a funeral permit.

CRVS Focal Point:

Dr. Sebnem Beşe Canpolat, Head of Demographic Statistics Department, Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)

Printer Friendly, PDF & Email

Events

News

Resources

Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Training and Tools, 2019
Presentations, 2015