The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-registration of vital events and non-possession of adult identity documents in Asian and Pacific (AP) countries, and their possible consequences, and the availability and dissemination of sex-disaggregated vital statistics by country or groups of AP countries.
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of Statelessness and the Protection of Stateless Persons in South East Asia', organized in Bangkok on 28 to 29 October 2010. It provides an insight into some of the region’s good practices, which are included from each of the four pillars of response: the identification, prevention and reduction of statelessness and the protection of stateless persons.
In this Series paper, the authors examine whether well functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are associated with improved population health outcomes. They present a conceptual model connecting CRVS to wellbeing, and describe an ecological association between CRVS and health outcomes. The conceptual model posits that the legal identity that civil registration provides to individuals is key to access entitlements and services. Vital statistics produced by CRVS systems provide essential information for public health policy and prevention.
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s life such as; birth, adoption, marriage, divorce, death, and cause of death, and is essential for planning, measuring and monitoring progress of development. In the past few years, several initiatives have been underway to harness the potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to strengthen CRVS.
UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCAP, Plan International, and WHO, in collaboration the CRVS Regional Steering Group and other partners, hosted the Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars Meeting. The main objectives of the meeting were to:
• Agree on the formulation of the proposed Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars’ Network and the objectives, principals, roles, modalities and structure
• Present good practices, pilots and promising innovations at national level, and provide guidance on how to most effectively manage and scale up innovations to strengthen CRVS systems
As a first step in assisting its client countries to close this identity gap, the World Bank Group’s ID4D initiative conducts Identity Management Systems Analyses (IMSAs) to evaluate countries’ identity ecosystems and facilitate collaboration with governments for future work. To date, analyses have been conducted in 17 African countries. Overall, these analyses reveal a wide range of identity system types and levels of development. Some countries have systems that are relatively advanced in terms of coverage, robustness, integration, and utility.
This document was the meeting document of the First session, Committee on Statistics, organized in Bangkok from 15 to 17 December 2008.
It was contributed by Dr. Yawarat Porapakkham, Dr. Melanie Bertram SPICE project, Ministry of Public Health, Dr. Pramote Prasartkul, Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Dr. Lene Mikkelsen, Health Metrics Network and Dr. Alan D. Lopez, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland.
The Asia-Pacific Region has the highest risk of exposure to natural hazards in the world. Seven out of the ten deadliest disasters worldwide since 1980 occurred in Asia. In order to abate the impacts of these disasters, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) policies, programs and activities have been adopted by countries in the region to enable them to continue to develop sustainably amidst the inevitable occurrences of natural hazards.
Plan International Australia proposes developing a standards-based software solution to provide for civil registration and population data needs in low resource settings. The open source CRVS platform will be free, fully compliant, and adaptable for different country contexts in Asia and the Pacific. The software will be easy to deploy, user-centric, and require minimal skills for customisation, maintenance and support.
Housed at Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Centre of Excellence is a global resource hub that actively supports national efforts to develop, strengthen, and scale-up civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems. Its role is to facilitate access to technical assistance, global standards and tools, evidence, and good practice.
In order to facilitate country-level access to technical expertise and assistance for strengthening CRVS systems, the Centre of Excellence launched a call for expressions of interest to invite professionals to apply for inclusion in a directory of experts. They are looking for mid-level and senior professionals with expertise and experience in one/several of the following fields: civil registration and vital statistics, public health, social and behavior change, law, digitization, statistics.
The resident registration system of Korea has been digitalised since 1994. The system enables people to process their requests and all related transactions 24 hours a day through the internet. This makes registration much more convenient and reduce paper work and cost overall.
This video gives and overview of the establishment of the system and the key features.
Register data on maternal deaths is adjusted in international reports to account for underreporting; however, there has been controversy around these adjustments. The objective of this article is to review the adjustment factors applied to maternal mortality register data. A literature review provided 72 studies on underreporting showing differences in the definition of maternal mortality. This has not previously been taken into account when calculating average adjustment factors.
Births are registered and birth data are collected in China by different government departments, and the completeness and quality of birth data are heavily affected by the one-child policy irrespective of the involving departments. In this paper, data from population census, primary school enrollment and household registration system are used to assess the completeness of birth registration in China by employing three types of methods—linear regression, Brass /PF ratio method, and Preston integrated approach. The three types of estimation derived from multiple data are highly consistent.
In 2015, world leaders agreed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030). Its goal is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, with a specific target to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030 and a commitment to leave no one behind. Achieving these ambitions will be much harder than meeting the Millennium Development Goals. It will require a different mindset, and new ways of measuring and monitoring progress.
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
The Philippine Statistics Authority's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
UN Population Division's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), in cooperation with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is organizing a Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems. The seminar will take place in Manila, Philippines, from 17 to 19 July 2017 and will be conducted in English.
The event is jointly organized by the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Korea Development Institute School of Public Policy and Management (KDI School) and the Ewha Womans University, in collaboration with the World Bank Group, to bring together high level experts and government officials to share and discuss the key prevailing issues in building system for CRVS and National Identity Management Systems as well as the launch of the CRVS eLearning course.
Vanuatu's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Republic of Korea's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
The Philippines' country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Pakistan's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
New Zealand's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Mongolia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Malaysia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Kazakhstan's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
The Islamic Republic of Iran's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Indonesia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
India's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Fiji's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Cook Islands' country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Cambodia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Bhutan's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Bangladesh's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Australia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
Armenia's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July 2015
A global meeting on civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) took place in Addis Ababa from 28-29 April 2014, co-hosted by the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank Group, and sponsored by the Government of Canada Department for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD).
WHO, in collaboration with Canada, UNICEF, USAID and the World Bank, organized a technical meeting in Geneva from 17 to 18 December 2013 to share experiences and explore the potential of health sector innovation for strengthening CRVS systems. This paper describes key areas in which health innovations can contribute to CRVS systems strengthening and lays out good practices against which health sector activities should be assessed.
The workshop aimed to guide countries in developing a sustainable nation-wide strategy to implement ICD for causes of death. By the end of the workshop each country should have a sound strategy with set goals and timelines given their resources. Their strategy may also include using verbal autopsy as an approach to obtain causes of death in deaths occurring outside of health-facilities. This will include:
This document has been developed through a consultative process involving country representatives from the health, civil registration and statistics sectors, technical experts, researchers, and representatives of agencies, donors and development partners. As part of this process, a technical meeting, Improving Mortality Statistics as part of Strengthening Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems, World Health Organization, Technical Meeting, was convened by WHO from 4 to 5 November 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Population and Vital Statistics Report presents most recent data on population size (total, male and female) from the latest available census of the population, national official population estimates and the number and rate (births, deaths and infant deaths) for the latest available year within the past 15 years. It also presents United Nations estimates of the mid-year population of the world, and its major areas and regions.
Accurate cause of death (COD) information is fundamental to good public health practice. The principal sources of information are medical certificates of COD for deaths in hospitals and verbal autopsies for non-hospital deaths. A verbal autopsy (VA) is a process whereby relatives of the deceased respond to questions about the medical history and terminal illness of the decedent (i.e. the illness that led directly to death). These two sources of COD data are complementary.
As part of the CRVS D4H Initiative, Sri Lanka is focused on improving the quality of mortality statistics. Through four prioritised interventions, CRVSsystem performance will be enhanced, leading to a significant shift in the quality of vital statistics.
Six interventions have been developed in the Solomon Islands to advance system performance by focusing on unmet objectives from the National CRVS Improvement Plan. These interventions will help advance a system that operates according to international best practice.
As part of their commitment to introduce systemic improvements in a phased and scalable manner, Rwanda will implement two interventions as part of the CRVS D4H Initiative: improving notification and registration, and implementing verbal autopsy for community deaths. These interventions will contribute to the achievement of key objectives for the government.
In line with their strong commitment to improving civil registration and vital statistics, the Philippines has identified six interventions to improve system performance, with a focus on improving mortality statistics and strengthening staff capacity.
As part of the CRVS D4H Initiative, Myanmar aims to increase the registration of deaths, improve the quality of cause of death data, and enhance understanding of the importance of civil registration. Combined, these activities will help to produce high-quality evidence for policy and planning.
CRVS systems encompass the registration of births and deaths and the generation of vital statistics from these events. Improving registration practices provides a range of benefits. As part of the D4H initiative, countries will be supported to improve birth and death notification and registration through: use of enterprise architecture; establishing committees; reviewing legislation and regulations; and implementing standard collection forms.
Registration practices refer to all the actions that need to take place from the notification of an event, to its registration with the appropriate civil registry authorities, through to the issue of a certified document. Examples of best practice for birth and death registration include making it a legal requirement to register; no fee for registration; and clearly defining roles and responsibilities of various agents.
Enterprise architecture (EA) is a systems science tool that produces business process maps. It helps describe, understand, analyse, compare and visualise the organisation, processes, workflows and functionality of a CRVS system. As part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health (D4H) Initiative and in close collaboration with the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), training on business process mapping will be offered to all D4H countries as a fundamental intervention.
Improving national capacity, skills and knowledge is a critical component of any strategy to strengthen a CRVS system. As part of the D4H Initiative, six training courses are available, with more under development. These courses are currently only open to those countries enrolled as part of the D4H Initiative.
More than one-third of the indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals will require data from a CRVS system. As such, continued investments in CRVS are necessary to ensure countries can measure progress.
The Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS), Data for Health Initiative (D4H), at The University of Melbourne has developed an assessment tool to assess the quality of death certification practices through checking for the presence of common errors in death certificates. This can be used to assess the quality of death certification as part of routine assessment, or to assess the training needs of doctors in designing cause of death certification training.
The National Strategic Plan aims to achieve a long-term vision for Cambodia — that every person has a legal identity. This will require building a modern, permanent, universal civil registration system (CRVS) that will generate reliable vital statistics and an integrated population identification system (IPIS). Building these systems will eliminate the necessity to develop parallel systems for population identification, thus ensuring the efficient use of resources. Cambodia is currently looking to revise their legislation related to CRVS and would welcome advice on this matter.
This is the report on the Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific on its 2nd meeting, held on 6 and 7 September 2016, prepared with the guidance of the Regional Steering Group and presented to the Fifth Committee on Statistics.
In May 2015, members and associate members of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific endorsed the Ministerial Declaration to “Get Every One in the Picture” in Asia and the Pacific and the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, and declared the Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade, 2015-2024.
This resolution calls for ESCAP to convene a regional intergovernmental ministerial meeting on CRVS in 2014. In addition, among other things, the resolution reiterates the call for countries to conduct assessments of CRVS systems, supports the Committee on Statistics’ endorsement of the Regional Strategic Plan for the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the Asia and the Pacific, and requests ESCAP to establish a regional steering group on CRVS.
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade, 2015-2024
"User-friendly presentation of statistics" is aimed at helping statistics agencies in developing and transition countries to devise strategies and guidelines for the dissemination of statistics.
The handbook is a useful reference for practicing statisticians in the national statistics offices, and those working in the education, health, and vital registration agencies in developing countries. The discussions on strengths and weaknesses of different data sources have been carried out skillfully, citing country examples on the use of administrative data for compiling the Millennium Development Goals indicators and other relevant statistics.
Increasing demand for better quality data and more investment to strengthen civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems will require increased emphasis on objective, comparable, cost-effective monitoring and assessment methods to measure progress.
Vital statistics derived from civil registration systems are global public goods that governments of developing countries and development partners need for generation of comprehensive and detailed health outcome data, which are a key component of building the evidence base for health improvement
• Worldwide civil registration systems have largely stagnated, during the past five decades, in terms of their vital statistics potential
This report presents 2013 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, period of gestation, birth weight, and plurality. Birth and fertility rates are presented by age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother’s state of residence and birth rates by age and race of father also are shown.
Report of the comprehensive assessment on national CRVS system of Thailand.
- Ministerial Conference website launch!
Non-official document, for information only, prepared by the Working group of co-organizers of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific
An overview of the civil registration and vital statistics systems in the region and individual country chapters on national practices.
Outcomes of the High-level Meeting on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific.
This policy brief proposes a framework with options for countries to rapidly improve information about cause of death (COD) in their populations, which includes a series of actions that are based on the literature and national experiences with intervention strategies according to the level of statistical development of a country.
StatsBrief underscores the importance of civil registration and vital statistics.
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific in November 2014.
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of the Ministerial Conference as well as the proceedings, organization and list of documents for the Ministerial Conference.
This brochure provides a quick and basic introduction to civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS), highlighting its importance and the main players in CRVS systems. It also includes a snapshot of the CRVS in the Asia-Pacific region, with specific emphasis on national and regional initiatives to improve CRVS.
This rapid assessment tool has been developed to accompany the comprehensive guide, and countries are advised to apply it before undertaking a full review of their systems. The rapid assessment tool is not a replacement for the detailed procedures described in the comprehensive guide; instead, it provides a quick overview of how well or how poorly a country’s overall system is functioning. The rapid assessment tool consists of 25 questions, grouped into 11 areas, about how the civil registration and vital statistics systems function.
The detailed assessment tool reviews the main aspects of the civil registration and vital statistics systems. These include the legal and regulatory framework; registration, certification and coding practices; and the compilation, tabulation and use of the resulting data. The tool comprises both a roadmap, which outlines the main steps in conducting the review, starting with the formation of a review committee of key stakeholders, and an assessment framework, which serves as a template for the detailed review.
The Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade 2015- 2024 was proclaimed at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and Pacific, held in Bangkok in November 2014. This poster illustrates the three goals and 15 targets of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which was one of the key outcomes of the Conference. (Poster: © UN ESCAP 2014)
As Members and associate members prepare to set their own national targets for the CRVS Decade, ESCAP and partners have developed a set of guidelines to assist countries in this process.
The point of entry of this document is to learn from what has already been done in many countries in the world, including Norway, Albania, Kazakhstan and Mozambique, and to present and discuss good practices to facilitate the process for countries embarking on a CRVS development process. The report also describes the specific role that potentially can be played by national statistical offices in CRVS development, both in building and maintaining registers as well as producing and disseminating data from the system.
The purpose of the Guideline is to enable the national offices entrusted with generation of vital statistics to have a critical review of their activities and identify areas for improvements. Considering that civil registration system itself is in nascent stages of development in many countries, it is better to take the CRVS system together for improvement.
The present set of principles and recommendations provides guidance on establishing a functioning system for collecting, processing and disseminating vital statistics; improving sources of vital statistics, primarily the functioning of the civil registration system and its components; and the role of complementary sources of vital statistics, such as population censuses, household surveys and public-health records. The present publication provides an extensive examination of the role of population registers in the context of both vital statistics and civil registration.
This document provides an overview of: CRVS in the African context, what is being done to improve CRVS systems in Africa, the benefits of CRVS, the major challenges, and the key elements are that constitute Civil Registration.
This document offers guidance on strategies for strengthening vital statistics in national civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) plans, with a focus on mortality and cause-of-death statistics, which are urgently needed to inform public health decision-making and monitor progress towards national and international health goals. The document summarizes key mortality related indicators and describes the strengths and limitations of different data sources.
This Handbook supersedes the Handbook of Vital Statistics Methods published by the United Nations in 1955. It provides up-to-date guidance to countries to implement international recommendations adopted by the United Nations on vital statistics systems. Volume I addresses issues involved in running comprehensive civil registration and vital statistics systems and their coordination.
This Handbook supersedes the Handbook of Vital Statistics Methods published by the United Nations in 1955. It provides up-to-date guidance to countries to implement international recommendations adopted by the United Nations on vital statistics systems. Volume II, published in 1985, reviews national practices in civil registration and vital statistics systems and methods
These Guidelines have been prepared to assist African countries in undertaking a comprehensive assessment of their Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems and in the development of a national CRVS strategic plan. The guidelines are organized into two volumes: The first volume (presented on this document) provides specific steps for assessing a national CRVS system in Africa, sets out the range of options for organizing the exercise, as well as specific issues for investigation.
This working paper provides practical information on the preparation and use of a business case in support of a civil registration system. The paper outlines a six-step approach to building the business case and comprises – assessing the current system; conducting research and formulating the arguments; identifying, analysing and engaging with stakeholders; and, presenting the case to the relevant decision-makers. The paper describes ideas for mobilising support for implementing civil registration systems. It includes a cost–benefit analysis to help decision-makers understand the short-term and long-term costs, benefits and impacts of a registration system.
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