The article introduced a new definition of “drowning” (1). Most of the time we intuitively know what drowning is until someone asks us explicitly to define it. In scientific research, meaningful definitions are essential for comparability and reproducibility. Drowning has been listed as the second leading cause of death from unintentional injury in WHO reports, after road traffic accidents (2).
The 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) will be developed as a collaborative effort supported by Webbased software.
Fiji’s country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems on 17-19 July 2017 in Manila, Philippines.
The workshop aimed to guide countries in developing a sustainable nation-wide strategy to implement ICD for causes of death. By the end of the workshop each country should have a sound strategy with set goals and timelines given their resources. Their strategy may also include using verbal autopsy as an approach to obtain causes of death in deaths occurring outside of health-facilities. This will include:
Report of the 2nd national steering and coordination committee meeting for civil registration and vital statistics, held april 03, 2015; at p block planning commission, Pak secretariat islamabad.
The meeting objectives:
- To review the implementation status of decisions made during the 1ST National Steering AND Coordination Committee Meeting held 18th Nov. 2014
This is the report of the first meeting of National CRVS Steering and Coordination Committee held in Hotel Marriot- Islamabad and supported through WHO under its COIA initiative. Following were the main workshop objectives;
– To discuss the progress made for CRVS improvement and implementation of CRVS Strategic Plan.
– To urge the provincial and special area governments to notify their provincial steering and coordination committees so that national strategic direction could be translated.
The objective of the Mortality Forum and the Mortality Reference Group (MRG) is to improve international comparability of mortality data by establishing standardized application of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10).
These basic guidelines are a tool for countries and regions that have not yet introduced correct cause-of-death certification according to the ICD, or established ICD morbidity and mortality coding practices for their data, and therefore cannot compare the health situation of their population to that of other countries. The tool is organised for easy reference and explains in a stepwise way how to go about establishing ICD certification and coding practices in a country or region.
This manual provides instructions to mortality medical coders and nosologists for coding the underlying cause of death from death certificates filed in the states. These mortality coding instructions are used by both the State vital statistics programs and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), which is the Federal agency responsible for the compilation of U.S. statistics on causes of death. NCHS is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This is an online module on “Improving Cause of Death Reporting” for training physicians. It covers topics such as importance of cause of death, completing a death certificate, and the medical examiner or coroner physician overview. This module can be used with or without audio.
The section on the cause of death on the death certificate is identical worldwide. It has two parts - called Part I and Part II, and a section to record the time interval between the onset of each condition and the date of death.
Part I - is used for diseases or conditions that form part of the sequence of events leading directly to death.
Part II - is used for conditions which have no direct connection with the events leading to death but whose presence contributed to death.
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