ODIHR has developed these guidelinesin answer to the growing number of requests for expertise and policy advice from participating States.
These guidelines provide a tool for practitioners, relevant authorities and political decision makers in OSCE participating States to use when assessing the efficiency of their national systems of population registration and, when necessary, reforming them.
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-registration of vital events and non-possession of adult identity documents in Asian and Pacific (AP) countries, and their possible consequences, and the availability and dissemination of sex-disaggregated vital statistics by country or groups of AP countries.
The event is organized by the Organization of American States, UNICEF, the Inter-American Development Bank, Plan International and Mexico’s National Register of Population and Personal Identification. Global experts, civil registry authorities from 26 countries, as well as members of the civil society will participate in the event and analyze strategies to achieve universal birth registration in the Americas by 2030, innovations in births registration, and the link between birth registration and access to social services among other subjects.
The African Union Commission, in collaboration with ECA, AfDB and other partners, is organizing the Fourth Conference of Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration, in Nouakchott, Mauritania, on the theme: ‘Accelerating a coordinated improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) for implementation and monitoring development in Africa: Review of progress and the way forward’. The meeting will be preceded by an Expert Group Meeting
The specific objectives include:
In this Series paper, the authors examine whether well functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are associated with improved population health outcomes. They present a conceptual model connecting CRVS to wellbeing, and describe an ecological association between CRVS and health outcomes. The conceptual model posits that the legal identity that civil registration provides to individuals is key to access entitlements and services. Vital statistics produced by CRVS systems provide essential information for public health policy and prevention.
This study aims to assess the quality of mortality data from the registration system of Thailand. The study takes advantage of the Kanchanaburi Project by comparing the deaths found in the annual censuses to those recorded in the civil registration system in order to measure the level of under-registration. The age and sex pattern of death registration found in this study might be useful information in adjusting the data from this source.
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s life such as; birth, adoption, marriage, divorce, death, and cause of death, and is essential for planning, measuring and monitoring progress of development. In the past few years, several initiatives have been underway to harness the potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to strengthen CRVS.
UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCAP, Plan International, and WHO, in collaboration the CRVS Regional Steering Group and other partners, hosted the Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars Meeting. The main objectives of the meeting were to:
• Agree on the formulation of the proposed Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars’ Network and the objectives, principals, roles, modalities and structure
• Present good practices, pilots and promising innovations at national level, and provide guidance on how to most effectively manage and scale up innovations to strengthen CRVS systems
Register data on maternal deaths is adjusted in international reports to account for underreporting; however, there has been controversy around these adjustments. The objective of this article is to review the adjustment factors applied to maternal mortality register data. A literature review provided 72 studies on underreporting showing differences in the definition of maternal mortality. This has not previously been taken into account when calculating average adjustment factors.
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
UN Population Division's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
The purpose of this report is to compare the legal frameworks governing birth registration in eleven jurisdictions. Birth registration is the process by which a child's birth is recorded in the civil register by the applicable government authority. It provides the first legal recognition of the child. The questionnaires have been prepared by lawyers from the UK and other jurisdictions performing desk based research. The questionnaires focus on the registration of births occurring within the relevant jurisdiction.
Many Pacific Island countries and territories are unable to get accurate counts of birth, death and causes of death information. This lack of information affects local health and community planning, funding and priority planning and ability to access aid investment. Many people are born in one country but die in another place. The original birth and death certificates are generally issued in the country of occurrence, so the records are often not registered in their home island, country or territory.
The workshop gathered African experts in mortality statistics collections together to collaborate on new technical guidance to be provided to countries for designing better mortality statistics systems; and to develop a pool of available experts to deploy to countries to support technical improvement and results in mortality data collections, especially for death registration, hospital deaths and integrating systems for community deaths.
The purpose of this technical user guide is to provide guidelines for the collection of verbal autopsy (VA) data using an electronic, shortened VA questionnaire; the use of tablets and the Open Data Kit (ODK) for data management; and for the ascertainment of cause of death (COD) using SmartVA Analyze (Tariff).
This manual provides guidance for training on all aspects of conducting verbal autopsy (VA) using electronic collection methods. It covers the importance of VA for assigning cause of death for community deaths, the roles and responsibilities of VA interviewers and supervisors, ethics and sensitivity in conducting a VA interview, detailed review of the questions included in the four modules of the SmartVA questionnaire, and how to collect information using a tablet.
This manual is intended to provide verbal autopsy (VA)1 interviewers with the information needed to conduct interviews systematically, to ensure the information collected is reliable and valid. It
provides a complete description of the roles and responsibilities of the interviewers for conducting VAs in routine surveillance. This manual is also designed to show how to conduct an interview with
Six interventions have been developed in the Solomon Islands to advance system performance by focusing on unmet objectives from the National CRVS Improvement Plan. These interventions will help advance a system that operates according to international best practice.
As part of their commitment to introduce systemic improvements in a phased and scalable manner, Rwanda will implement two interventions as part of the CRVS D4H Initiative: improving notification and registration, and implementing verbal autopsy for community deaths. These interventions will contribute to the achievement of key objectives for the government.
In line with their strong commitment to improving civil registration and vital statistics, the Philippines has identified six interventions to improve system performance, with a focus on improving mortality statistics and strengthening staff capacity.
As part of the CRVS D4H Initiative, Myanmar aims to increase the registration of deaths, improve the quality of cause of death data, and enhance understanding of the importance of civil registration. Combined, these activities will help to produce high-quality evidence for policy and planning.
Mortality coding involves transforming information on death certificates into alpha-numeric codes. This allows for the tabulation and aggregation of mortality statistics for monitoring population health.
As part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Data for Health (D4H) Initiative, countries will be provided with guidance and advice on how to implement or improve mortality coding according to ICD-10 coding rules.
Certification is the process doctors use to determine underlying cause of death. Improved certification practices ensure that decision-makers have accurate information on what people are dying from. Activities to improve certification include: establishing national mortality committees; introducing the international form of medical certificate of cause of death; training courses and curriculum.
CRVS systems encompass the registration of births and deaths and the generation of vital statistics from these events. Improving registration practices provides a range of benefits. As part of the D4H initiative, countries will be supported to improve birth and death notification and registration through: use of enterprise architecture; establishing committees; reviewing legislation and regulations; and implementing standard collection forms.
Registration practices refer to all the actions that need to take place from the notification of an event, to its registration with the appropriate civil registry authorities, through to the issue of a certified document. Examples of best practice for birth and death registration include making it a legal requirement to register; no fee for registration; and clearly defining roles and responsibilities of various agents.
This document provides guidance on how to improve the quality of cause of death data in hospitals, and will be useful for Ministry of Health staff, hospital administrators and managers, medical society officers, medical education leaders, and physicians. It will also be of interest to stakeholders involved in planning and strengthening civil registration and vital statistics systems, as it provides overall guidance on the steps required in improving hospital data.
This handbook aims to guide doctors in filling out death certificates. Death certification forms an important part of a doctor’s duties because the information recorded in death certificates helps decision-makers determine health priorities for prevention of deaths due to similar causes in the future.
This tool is designed to quickly assess the quality of death certification practices through checking for the presence of common errors in death certificates. This can be used to assess the quality of death certification as part of routine assessment, or to assess the training needs of doctors in designing cause of death certification training. This tool can also be used to evaluate the effect of death certification training.
An Act to amend the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957.
Iris is an automatic system for coding multiple causes of death and for the selection of the underlying cause of death. It can be used in batch or interactively. The aim of Iris is twofold:
Report of the 2nd national steering and coordination committee meeting for civil registration and vital statistics, held april 03, 2015; at p block planning commission, Pak secretariat islamabad.
The meeting objectives:
- To review the implementation status of decisions made during the 1ST National Steering AND Coordination Committee Meeting held 18th Nov. 2014
This is the report of the first meeting of National CRVS Steering and Coordination Committee held in Hotel Marriot- Islamabad and supported through WHO under its COIA initiative. Following were the main workshop objectives;
– To discuss the progress made for CRVS improvement and implementation of CRVS Strategic Plan.
– To urge the provincial and special area governments to notify their provincial steering and coordination committees so that national strategic direction could be translated.
This comprehensive assessment reviewed the main aspects of Cambodia's Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system using the WHO guidance tool. These include the legal and regulatory framework; registration, certification and coding practices; and the compilation, tabulation and use of the resulting data. The focus throughout the assessment was on births, deaths and causes of death, because these are fundamental to guide public health programes, monitor population dynamics and measure key health indicators.
As part of Bangladesh Vision 2021, the government of Bangladesh is committed to building a country whose citizens are able to live prosperous and happy lives. The year 2021 will mark the golden jubilee of Bangladesh’s independence, while the year 2020 will be the 100th anniversary of the birth of the father of the nation, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
As part of the reporting structure of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific, by the end of 2015, members and associate members are required to submit a baseline report to the ESCAP Secretariat through their designated national focal point. This report is the report submitted by Armenia.
Review of the state of civil registration and vital statistics systems in Asia and the Pacific
The 2016 version of the WHO verbal autopsy instrument is suitable for routine use. The instrument is designed for all age groups, including maternal and perinatal deaths, and also deaths caused by injuries. Based on the 2012 instrument, and the 2014 version, questions have been added or edited to facilitate the use of publicly available analytical software for assigning the cause of death (SmartVA, InterVA, InSilicoVA).
The Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade 2015- 2024 was proclaimed at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and Pacific, held in Bangkok in November 2014. This poster illustrates the three goals and 15 targets of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which was one of the key outcomes of the Conference. (Poster: © UN ESCAP 2014)
The Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade 2015- 2024 was proclaimed at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and Pacific, held in Bangkok in November 2014. This publication contains the Ministerial Declaration to "Get Every One in the Picture" and the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which were two key outcomes of the Conference.
This training course on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Systems has been prepared by the International Statistics Program at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. The course is intended to provide information to epidemiologists, statisticians, demographers, and others working in public health about vital statistics data gathered from a national civil registration system.
This handbook contains instructions for physicians on cause-of-death certification. It was prepared by the Department of Health and Human Services’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). These instructions pertain to the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Death and the 1992 revision of the Model StateVital Statistics Act and Regulations. This handbook serves as a model that can be adapted by any vital statistics registration area.
These basic guidelines are a tool for countries and regions that have not yet introduced correct cause-of-death certification according to the ICD, or established ICD morbidity and mortality coding practices for their data, and therefore cannot compare the health situation of their population to that of other countries. The tool is organised for easy reference and explains in a stepwise way how to go about establishing ICD certification and coding practices in a country or region.
This manual provides instructions to mortality medical coders and nosologists for coding the underlying cause of death from death certificates filed in the states. These mortality coding instructions are used by both the State vital statistics programs and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), which is the Federal agency responsible for the compilation of U.S. statistics on causes of death. NCHS is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Global Plan for Scaling-up Civil Registration and Vital Statistics covers activities over a 10 year period from 2015 to 2024, with the goal of universal civil registration of births, deaths, marriages, and other vital events, including reporting cause of death, and access to legal proof of registration for all individuals by 2030.
CDC/NCHS is providing support and has been collaborating with the National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems (NAPHSIS) and other VR stakeholders to support the eVital Standards Initiative with the goal of providing support for the development of VR standards to enable interoperable electronic data exchanges among electronic health record systems, U.S. vital records systems and potentially other public health information systems for birth, death and fetal death events
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