The article introduced a new definition of “drowning” (1). Most of the time we intuitively know what drowning is until someone asks us explicitly to define it. In scientific research, meaningful definitions are essential for comparability and reproducibility. Drowning has been listed as the second leading cause of death from unintentional injury in WHO reports, after road traffic accidents (2).
The Births and Deaths Statistics Report contains information on the births and deaths occurring in Timor-Leste in 2014-2015. In addition to these vital statistics, the report also contains an overview of Timor-Leste's CRVS system, coordination efforts between different government ministries, legal issues regarding CRVS, a comparison of the Ministry of Health's registration information with the General Directorate of Statistics' information, as well as recommendations for improvement.
Posters on cause of death, demographic statistics, household information, vital statistics, and fertility displayed by Malaysia as part of the CRVS Marketplace during the third meeting of the Regional Steering Group held in Bangkok from 18-20 October, 2017.
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-registration of vital events and non-possession of adult identity documents in Asian and Pacific (AP) countries, and their possible consequences, and the availability and dissemination of sex-disaggregated vital statistics by country or groups of AP countries.
The event is organized by the Organization of American States, UNICEF, the Inter-American Development Bank, Plan International and Mexico’s National Register of Population and Personal Identification. Global experts, civil registry authorities from 26 countries, as well as members of the civil society will participate in the event and analyze strategies to achieve universal birth registration in the Americas by 2030, innovations in births registration, and the link between birth registration and access to social services among other subjects.
In this Series paper, the authors examine whether well functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are associated with improved population health outcomes. They present a conceptual model connecting CRVS to wellbeing, and describe an ecological association between CRVS and health outcomes. The conceptual model posits that the legal identity that civil registration provides to individuals is key to access entitlements and services. Vital statistics produced by CRVS systems provide essential information for public health policy and prevention.
The purpose of this technical user guide is to provide guidelines for the collection of verbal autopsy (VA) data using an electronic, shortened VA questionnaire; the use of tablets and the Open Data Kit (ODK) for data management; and for the ascertainment of cause of death (COD) using SmartVA Analyze (Tariff).
This manual provides guidance for training on all aspects of conducting verbal autopsy (VA) using electronic collection methods. It covers the importance of VA for assigning cause of death for community deaths, the roles and responsibilities of VA interviewers and supervisors, ethics and sensitivity in conducting a VA interview, detailed review of the questions included in the four modules of the SmartVA questionnaire, and how to collect information using a tablet.
This manual is intended to provide verbal autopsy (VA)1 interviewers with the information needed to conduct interviews systematically, to ensure the information collected is reliable and valid. It
provides a complete description of the roles and responsibilities of the interviewers for conducting VAs in routine surveillance. This manual is also designed to show how to conduct an interview with
This tool is designed to assess the quality of death certification practices through checking for the presence of common errors in death certificates. This can be used to assess the quality of death certification as part of routine assessment, or to assess the training needs of doctors in designing cause of death certification training. This tool can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of death certification training.
This document provides guidance on how to improve the quality of cause of death data in hospitals, and will be useful for Ministry of Health staff, hospital administrators and managers, medical society officers, medical education leaders, and physicians. It will also be of interest to stakeholders involved in planning and strengthening civil registration and vital statistics systems, as it provides overall guidance on the steps required in improving hospital data.
This handbook aims to guide doctors in filling out death certificates. Death certification forms an important part of a doctor’s duties because the information recorded in death certificates helps decision-makers determine health priorities for prevention of deaths due to similar causes in the future.
This tool is designed to quickly assess the quality of death certification practices through checking for the presence of common errors in death certificates. This can be used to assess the quality of death certification as part of routine assessment, or to assess the training needs of doctors in designing cause of death certification training. This tool can also be used to evaluate the effect of death certification training.
The Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS), Data for Health Initiative (D4H), at The University of Melbourne has developed an assessment tool to assess the quality of death certification practices through checking for the presence of common errors in death certificates. This can be used to assess the quality of death certification as part of routine assessment, or to assess the training needs of doctors in designing cause of death certification training.
Report of the 2nd national steering and coordination committee meeting for civil registration and vital statistics, held april 03, 2015; at p block planning commission, Pak secretariat islamabad.
The meeting objectives:
- To review the implementation status of decisions made during the 1ST National Steering AND Coordination Committee Meeting held 18th Nov. 2014
This report presents final 2012 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and post neonatal death are also presented. This report supplements ‘‘Deaths: Final Data for 2012,’’ the National Center for Health Statistics’ annual report of final mortality statistics.
This global health and life sciences course enables learners to investigate health problems affecting large populations – the whole world in fact! By understanding the big numbers in global mortality and their causes and distributions you will learn how to think numerically about global health. We will use real data from real people to ask the questions: What are the major causes of death in the world? Why do we need cause of death statistics? How does counting the dead help the living?
The 2016 version of the WHO verbal autopsy instrument is suitable for routine use. The instrument is designed for all age groups, including maternal and perinatal deaths, and also deaths caused by injuries. Based on the 2012 instrument, and the 2014 version, questions have been added or edited to facilitate the use of publicly available analytical software for assigning the cause of death (SmartVA, InterVA, InSilicoVA).
The objective of the Mortality Forum and the Mortality Reference Group (MRG) is to improve international comparability of mortality data by establishing standardized application of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10).
The present set of principles and recommendations provides guidance on establishing a functioning system for collecting, processing and disseminating vital statistics; improving sources of vital statistics, primarily the functioning of the civil registration system and its components; and the role of complementary sources of vital statistics, such as population censuses, household surveys and public-health records. The present publication provides an extensive examination of the role of population registers in the context of both vital statistics and civil registration.
This document provides an overview of: CRVS in the African context, what is being done to improve CRVS systems in Africa, the benefits of CRVS, the major challenges, and the key elements are that constitute Civil Registration.
These basic guidelines are a tool for countries and regions that have not yet introduced correct cause-of-death certification according to the ICD, or established ICD morbidity and mortality coding practices for their data, and therefore cannot compare the health situation of their population to that of other countries. The tool is organised for easy reference and explains in a stepwise way how to go about establishing ICD certification and coding practices in a country or region.
This manual provides instructions to mortality medical coders and nosologists for coding the underlying cause of death from death certificates filed in the states. These mortality coding instructions are used by both the State vital statistics programs and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), which is the Federal agency responsible for the compilation of U.S. statistics on causes of death. NCHS is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This is an online module on “Improving Cause of Death Reporting” for training physicians. It covers topics such as importance of cause of death, completing a death certificate, and the medical examiner or coroner physician overview. This module can be used with or without audio.
This document highlights the importance of death registration in Africa and presents the status of death registration, what is currently being done and recommendations for improvement.
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