In 2014, at the Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly, 194 Member States endorsed the Every Newborn: an action plan to end preventable deaths (Resolution WHA67.10), a road map of strategic actions to end preventable newborn mortality and stillbirths and contribute to reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. The Every Newborn Action Plan presents evidence-based solutions and sets out a clear path to 2020 with eight specific milestones for what needs to be done differently to greatly reduce mortality rates and improve maternal and newborn health by 2030.
The Asia-Pacific Region has the highest risk of exposure to natural hazards in the world. Seven out of the ten deadliest disasters worldwide since 1980 occurred in Asia. In order to abate the impacts of these disasters, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) policies, programs and activities have been adopted by countries in the region to enable them to continue to develop sustainably amidst the inevitable occurrences of natural hazards.
CRVS data on mortality and cause of death is essential for improving health in the Pacific islands.
Please see the poster on Monitoring the Pacific non-communicable disease (NDC) crisis for more details.
Housed at Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Centre of Excellence is a global resource hub that actively supports national efforts to develop, strengthen, and scale-up civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems. Its role is to facilitate access to technical assistance, global standards and tools, evidence, and good practice.
Register data on maternal deaths is adjusted in international reports to account for underreporting; however, there has been controversy around these adjustments. The objective of this article is to review the adjustment factors applied to maternal mortality register data. A literature review provided 72 studies on underreporting showing differences in the definition of maternal mortality. This has not previously been taken into account when calculating average adjustment factors.
In 2015, world leaders agreed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030). Its goal is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, with a specific target to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030 and a commitment to leave no one behind. Achieving these ambitions will be much harder than meeting the Millennium Development Goals. It will require a different mindset, and new ways of measuring and monitoring progress.
As healthcare challenges continue to mount worldwide, effective data use and sharing is imperative. In support of health information sharing as a public good, WHO and it’s Director-General’s office is working to finalize a Policy on Use and Sharing of Data Collected in Member States by the WHO Outside the Context of Public Health Emergencies. The document sets out a systematic and comprehensive approach to data use and data sharing.
This workshop is organized by World Vision, and it aims to contribute towards improving the awareness and capacity of stakeholders in Asia Pacific to apply information management in DRM decision-making. It is in fact the culmination of a series of awareness-raising workshops started in September 2016 through March 2017 held in Myanmar, Philippines and Solomon Islands.
The University of the Philippines, Massachusets Institute of Technology (Sana Group) and AeHIN will be hosting a Health Data Conference and Workshops in Cebu, Philippines. More information will be provided shortly.
The workshop aimed to guide countries in developing a sustainable nation-wide strategy to implement ICD for causes of death. By the end of the workshop each country should have a sound strategy with set goals and timelines given their resources. Their strategy may also include using verbal autopsy as an approach to obtain causes of death in deaths occurring outside of health-facilities. This will include:
As part of the CRVS D4H Initiative, Myanmar aims to increase the registration of deaths, improve the quality of cause of death data, and enhance understanding of the importance of civil registration. Combined, these activities will help to produce high-quality evidence for policy and planning.
More than one-third of the indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals will require data from a CRVS system. As such, continued investments in CRVS are necessary to ensure countries can measure progress.
The handbook is one of the outputs of the Asian Development Bank regional technical assistance (TA) on Improving Administrative Data Sources for the Monitoring of the Millennium Development Goals Indicators. It serves as a reference tool for data producers on improving administrative data sources for compiling the Millennium Development Goals and other indicators.
In July 2015, The Dutch National Office for Identity Data organised an "Expert Meeting on Identity Management 2030" in The Hague, during which international experts shared their experience and knowledge of identity management and discussed the future of identity infrastructure. The present summary deals with the outcome of the experts’ meeting.
Report of the 2nd national steering and coordination committee meeting for civil registration and vital statistics, held april 03, 2015; at p block planning commission, Pak secretariat islamabad.
The meeting objectives:
- To review the implementation status of decisions made during the 1ST National Steering AND Coordination Committee Meeting held 18th Nov. 2014
This is the report of the first meeting of National CRVS Steering and Coordination Committee held in Hotel Marriot- Islamabad and supported through WHO under its COIA initiative. Following were the main workshop objectives;
– To discuss the progress made for CRVS improvement and implementation of CRVS Strategic Plan.
– To urge the provincial and special area governments to notify their provincial steering and coordination committees so that national strategic direction could be translated.
This comprehensive assessment reviewed the main aspects of Cambodia's Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system using the WHO guidance tool. These include the legal and regulatory framework; registration, certification and coding practices; and the compilation, tabulation and use of the resulting data. The focus throughout the assessment was on births, deaths and causes of death, because these are fundamental to guide public health programes, monitor population dynamics and measure key health indicators.
Report on the four day Pakistani National Workshop on Comprehensive Assessment and Plan Development for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) from June 10-13, 2013 at Bhurban, Murree, Pakistan.
Workshop Objectives included:
• To conduct a standards-based, comprehensive assessment of the current CRVS status, capacities and resources in Pakistan
• Formulate a multi-sectorial national CRVS action plan that addresses the range of challenges, result oriented approaches and define feasible actions.
A Joint Presentation of Philippine Statistics Authority (PIA) and Initiatives for Dialogue and Empowerment through Alternative Legal Services (IDEALS).
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade, 2015-2024
During the two-day meeting, participants discussed: sustainable development challenges and opportunities in the Asia-Pacific region; regional monitoring and review mechanisms; perspectives on the post-2015 development agenda and the sustainable development goals; the form and function of the Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development beyond 2015; and the transition from the Millennium Development Goals to the sustainable development goals. The Forum also showcased national examples and experiences in sustainable development, with a focus on integration of its three dimensions.
"User-friendly presentation of statistics" is aimed at helping statistics agencies in developing and transition countries to devise strategies and guidelines for the dissemination of statistics.
Material depicting origin and effects of the Global Financing Facility concept come from Canada presented during the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014
This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on CRVS by Mr. Edward Duffus, Digital Birth Registration Manager, Plan International.
The article illustrates the large variability of estimates and the tendency to underestimate uncertainty in South Africa and conclude that unless a country has a nationally representative system to track maternal deaths, there is likely to be a great deal of uncertainty about maternal mortality.
Sample Vital Registration with Verbal Autopsy (SAVVY) is a system for strengthening vital events monitoring and measurement, including causes of death. SAVVY provides nationally representative information about levels and causes of mortality as well as other indicators not available from other sources.
Vital statistics derived from civil registration systems are global public goods that governments of developing countries and development partners need for generation of comprehensive and detailed health outcome data, which are a key component of building the evidence base for health improvement
• Worldwide civil registration systems have largely stagnated, during the past five decades, in terms of their vital statistics potential
This Health System Assessment Report identifies the following issues that have not been adequately targeted for development:
• Funding for collecting, consolidating, integration and strengthening of the monitoring and evaluation systems within the decentralized health system;
• Low institutional capacity within the national health system to fully operate HIS in the context of decentralized health system;
• chronic shortage of experienced personnel,
• poor skills mix,
The Health Systems Assessment (HSA) process allows countries to systematically assess their national health system and provides policymakers with information on how to strengthen the health system. It provides a comprehensive assessment of key health systems functions, organized around the six WHO building blocks: governance, health financing, health service delivery, human resources, medicines and medical product management, and health information systems.
By 2024, the Civil Registrars across the Pacific will work together in ways that are flexible to local needs, with a shared approach to legislative change, enabling technology and data exchange
Objective To analyse the design and operational status of India’s civil registration and vital statistics system and facilitate the system’s development into an accurate and reliable source of mortality data.
- New partnership between ESCAP and Data2x : Promoting the gender dimension in national and regional CRVS efforts
This is a non-official document, for information only, prepared by the Working group of co-organizers of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific to be held in Bangkok, 24 November to 28 November 2014. It provides additional background information to delegations attending the Regional Preparatory Meeting for the Ministerial Conference on 28 and 29 August 2014.
Non-official document, for information only, prepared by the Working group of co-organizers of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific
The support tool is based on existing tools developed by WHO's Health Metrics Network. This tool covers all the phases related to health information strategy development – from assessment of the current state of health information systems, through strategy development and implementation to evaluation. Moreover, it addresses all the different elements of health information systems, such as governance, databases and resources.
This rapid assessment tool has been developed to accompany the comprehensive guide, and countries are advised to apply it before undertaking a full review of their systems. The rapid assessment tool is not a replacement for the detailed procedures described in the comprehensive guide; instead, it provides a quick overview of how well or how poorly a country’s overall system is functioning. The rapid assessment tool consists of 25 questions, grouped into 11 areas, about how the civil registration and vital statistics systems function.
The detailed assessment tool reviews the main aspects of the civil registration and vital statistics systems. These include the legal and regulatory framework; registration, certification and coding practices; and the compilation, tabulation and use of the resulting data. The tool comprises both a roadmap, which outlines the main steps in conducting the review, starting with the formation of a review committee of key stakeholders, and an assessment framework, which serves as a template for the detailed review.
This publication presents the latest available data on the extent of unregistered children and assesses progress to date in increasing birth registration rates worldwide. The current publication spans 161 countries and presents the latest available country data and estimates (at both the global and regional levels) on birth registration.
The point of entry of this document is to learn from what has already been done in many countries in the world, including Norway, Albania, Kazakhstan and Mozambique, and to present and discuss good practices to facilitate the process for countries embarking on a CRVS development process. The report also describes the specific role that potentially can be played by national statistical offices in CRVS development, both in building and maintaining registers as well as producing and disseminating data from the system.
Data2X, named for the power women have to multiply progress in their societies, aims to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment through improved data collection and analysis that can provide a solid evidence-base to guide development policy. To provide basic information for a Data2X roadmap, this report maps gender data gaps in developing countries across five domains of women’s empowerment: (1) health, (2) education, (3) economic opportunities, (4) political participation, and (5) human security.
This Handbook supersedes the Handbook of Vital Statistics Methods published by the United Nations in 1955. It provides up-to-date guidance to countries to implement international recommendations adopted by the United Nations on vital statistics systems. Volume I addresses issues involved in running comprehensive civil registration and vital statistics systems and their coordination.
Tool developed for African context by PLAN international in collaboration with ECA. Aims to digitalize existing documentation and state records regarding CRVS.
The value of good-quality mortality data for public health is widely acknowledged. While effective civil registration systems remains the ‘gold standard’ source for continuous mortality measurement, less than 25% of deaths are registered in most African countries. Alternative data collection systems can provide mortality data to complement those from civil registration, given an understanding of data source characteristics and data quality.
This working paper provides practical information on the preparation and use of a business case in support of a civil registration system. The paper outlines a six-step approach to building the business case and comprises – assessing the current system; conducting research and formulating the arguments; identifying, analysing and engaging with stakeholders; and, presenting the case to the relevant decision-makers. The paper describes ideas for mobilising support for implementing civil registration systems. It includes a cost–benefit analysis to help decision-makers understand the short-term and long-term costs, benefits and impacts of a registration system.
United Nations ESCAP
United Nations Building
Rajadamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Phone: +66 2 2882593
© United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 2017