As part of the Identification for Development (ID4D) Initiative, the World Bank Group addresses technical aspects of civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) in four recent publications.
This paper was published in 2007 as a part of the “The Who Counts?” Series of The Lancet. The authors Mahapatra et. al review the present situation and past trends of vital statistics in the world.
The paper “Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to Understand Motivation to Register Births in Lombok, Indonesia” written by Anaise Williams, Santi Kusumaningrum, Cyril Bennouna, Rahmadi Usman,Wenny Wandasari and Lindsay Stark was published in January 2018 in the Journal “Children & Society
UNHCR is publishing a series of Good Practices Papers to help States, with the support of other stakeholders, achieve the goals of its #IBelong Campaign to End Statelessness by 2024.
This study examines factors related to birth registration among Western Australian children born to Aboriginal mothers. Unregistered births were most strongly associated with young maternal age at first birth, remoteness, mothers whose own birth was unregistered, and no private hospital insurance.
This UNICEF brochure summarizes the current situation of Civil Registration in Sub-Saharan Africa.
If Kiribati were able to register all birth, all deaths and identify all causes of death wouldn’t we be in a position to make the best decisions for our people? Get everyone in the picture is the solution.
How can we get everyone in the picture? The answer is the Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Decade 2016 – 2024, where ten years of a forward plan will make a big difference for our nation.
The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) defines civil registration as the continuous, permanent, compulsory and universal recording of the occurrence and characteristics of vital events pertaining to the population, as provided through decree or regulation in accordance with the legal requirements in each country. Civil registration is the best source of vital statistics since it constitutes the collection of statistics on vital events in a lifetime of a person as well as relevant characteristics of the events themselves and of the person and persons concerned.
The fact sheet is one of the advocacy documents of the Fourth Conference of African Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration held from 4 to 8 December 2017 in Nouakchott, Mauritania.
This document features nine recent innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF programmes which are illustrative examples of some of our work on equity and reaching the most marginalized. They are presented here to share the experience of UNICEF and its country-level partners in working to reach the most marginalized in order to share lessons we have learned and the good practices we have identified.
This research, the second of two case studies, explores coordination through the lens of civil registration and vital statistics, with particular reference to birth registration in Peru. It focuses on the role that coordination can play in making birth registration function effectively.
This report, commissioned by the Rights of the Child Commission (RCC) and United Nations Children‟s Fund (UNICEF), presents the findings of a two-month research project to examine the situation of birth registration among children in Guyana. The study included a detailed desk review and field research in four of ten administrative regions of Guyana (Regions 1, 2, 7 and 10). The study engaged both Duty Bearers and Rights Holders at the national, regional and community levels. In total 618 households were interviewed and data for 1,770 children were recorded.
This working paper explores coordination issues through the lens of CRVS, with particular reference to birth registration. Ghana is used as a case study.
Yap's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Vanuatu's presentation on Tropical Cyclone Pam at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Tuvalu's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Tonga's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Tokelau's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Solomon Islands' presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Samoa's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Pohnpei's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji
New Zealand's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
New South Wales' presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Niue's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Nauru's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Northern Mariana Islands' presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Kiribati's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Fiji's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
The Cook Islands' presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
American Samoa's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji.
Presentation to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for strengthening CRVS, Istanbul, Turkey, 15 -18 September 2015.
Presentation by Mrs. Dilbakhor Yakubova, Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan, to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for strengthening CRVS, Istanbul, Turkey, 15 -18 September 2015.
Presentation by Turkey to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for strengthening CRVS, Istanbul, Turkey, 15 -18 September 2015.
Presentation by Davaadorj Radnaised, Vice Chairman, General Department of State Registration, Mongolia to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for strengthening CRVS, Istanbul, Turkey, 15 -18 September 2015.
Philippines’ country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems on 17-19 July 2017 in Manila, Philippines.
Indonesia's country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems on 17-19 July 2017 in Manila, Philippines.
Fiji’s country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems on 17-19 July 2017 in Manila, Philippines.
Armenia’s country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems on 17-19 July 2017 in Manila, Philippines.
This survey provides key baseline data on the status of CRVS in Cambodia.
ODIHR has developed these guidelinesin answer to the growing number of requests for expertise and policy advice from participating States.
These guidelines provide a tool for practitioners, relevant authorities and political decision makers in OSCE participating States to use when assessing the efficiency of their national systems of population registration and, when necessary, reforming them.
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-registration of vital events and non-possession of adult identity documents in Asian and Pacific (AP) countries, and their possible consequences, and the availability and dissemination of sex-disaggregated vital statistics by country or groups of AP countries.
The event is organized by the Organization of American States, UNICEF, the Inter-American Development Bank, Plan International and Mexico’s National Register of Population and Personal Identification. Global experts, civil registry authorities from 26 countries, as well as members of the civil society will participate in the event and analyze strategies to achieve universal birth registration in the Americas by 2030, innovations in births registration, and the link between birth registration and access to social services among other subjects.
The African Union Commission, in collaboration with ECA, AfDB and other partners, is organizing the Fourth Conference of Ministers Responsible for Civil Registration, in Nouakchott, Mauritania, on the theme: ‘Accelerating a coordinated improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) for implementation and monitoring development in Africa: Review of progress and the way forward’. The meeting will be preceded by an Expert Group Meeting
The specific objectives include:
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of Statelessness and the Protection of Stateless Persons in South East Asia', organized in Bangkok on 28 to 29 October 2010. It provides an insight into some of the region’s good practices, which are included from each of the four pillars of response: the identification, prevention and reduction of statelessness and the protection of stateless persons.
In this Series paper, the authors examine whether well functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are associated with improved population health outcomes. They present a conceptual model connecting CRVS to wellbeing, and describe an ecological association between CRVS and health outcomes. The conceptual model posits that the legal identity that civil registration provides to individuals is key to access entitlements and services. Vital statistics produced by CRVS systems provide essential information for public health policy and prevention.
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s life such as; birth, adoption, marriage, divorce, death, and cause of death, and is essential for planning, measuring and monitoring progress of development. In the past few years, several initiatives have been underway to harness the potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to strengthen CRVS.
UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCAP, Plan International, and WHO, in collaboration the CRVS Regional Steering Group and other partners, hosted the Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars Meeting. The main objectives of the meeting were to:
• Agree on the formulation of the proposed Asia-Pacific Civil Registrars’ Network and the objectives, principals, roles, modalities and structure
• Present good practices, pilots and promising innovations at national level, and provide guidance on how to most effectively manage and scale up innovations to strengthen CRVS systems
As a first step in assisting its client countries to close this identity gap, the World Bank Group’s ID4D initiative conducts Identity Management Systems Analyses (IMSAs) to evaluate countries’ identity ecosystems and facilitate collaboration with governments for future work. To date, analyses have been conducted in 17 African countries. Overall, these analyses reveal a wide range of identity system types and levels of development. Some countries have systems that are relatively advanced in terms of coverage, robustness, integration, and utility.
This publication provides a brief sketch of foundational ID systems in 48 African countries, giving valuable information on the state of birth registration and national ID systems in each country.
Plan International Australia proposes developing a standards-based software solution to provide for civil registration and population data needs in low resource settings. The open source CRVS platform will be free, fully compliant, and adaptable for different country contexts in Asia and the Pacific. The software will be easy to deploy, user-centric, and require minimal skills for customisation, maintenance and support.
Births are registered and birth data are collected in China by different government departments, and the completeness and quality of birth data are heavily affected by the one-child policy irrespective of the involving departments. In this paper, data from population census, primary school enrollment and household registration system are used to assess the completeness of birth registration in China by employing three types of methods—linear regression, Brass /PF ratio method, and Preston integrated approach. The three types of estimation derived from multiple data are highly consistent.
In 2015, world leaders agreed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030). Its goal is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, with a specific target to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030 and a commitment to leave no one behind. Achieving these ambitions will be much harder than meeting the Millennium Development Goals. It will require a different mindset, and new ways of measuring and monitoring progress.
UN Population Division's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and quality of vital statistics data from civil registration“, New York, 3‐4 November 2016.
"Is every child counted?" provides a status report on the data availability of child related SDG indicators showing that sufficient data is available only for half of those. Many indicators, such as those on poverty and violence cannot be compared, and are either too limited or of poor quality, leaving governments without the information they need to accurately address challenges facing millions of children, or to track progress towards achieving the Goals. The report also identifies priorities for enhancing the collection, analysis and use of data for children.
The purpose of this report is to compare the legal frameworks governing birth registration in eleven jurisdictions. Birth registration is the process by which a child's birth is recorded in the civil register by the applicable government authority. It provides the first legal recognition of the child. The questionnaires have been prepared by lawyers from the UK and other jurisdictions performing desk based research. The questionnaires focus on the registration of births occurring within the relevant jurisdiction.
Many Pacific Island countries and territories are unable to get accurate counts of birth, death and causes of death information. This lack of information affects local health and community planning, funding and priority planning and ability to access aid investment. Many people are born in one country but die in another place. The original birth and death certificates are generally issued in the country of occurrence, so the records are often not registered in their home island, country or territory.
This report presents, for the first time, comprehensive, global data about these children – where they are born, where they move, and some of the dangers they face along the way. The report sheds light on the truly global nature of childhood migration and displacement, highlighting the major challenges faced by child migrants and refugees in every region.
Six interventions have been developed in the Solomon Islands to advance system performance by focusing on unmet objectives from the National CRVS Improvement Plan. These interventions will help advance a system that operates according to international best practice.
As part of their commitment to introduce systemic improvements in a phased and scalable manner, Rwanda will implement two interventions as part of the CRVS D4H Initiative: improving notification and registration, and implementing verbal autopsy for community deaths. These interventions will contribute to the achievement of key objectives for the government.
In line with their strong commitment to improving civil registration and vital statistics, the Philippines has identified six interventions to improve system performance, with a focus on improving mortality statistics and strengthening staff capacity.
As part of the CRVS D4H Initiative, Myanmar aims to increase the registration of deaths, improve the quality of cause of death data, and enhance understanding of the importance of civil registration. Combined, these activities will help to produce high-quality evidence for policy and planning.
CRVS systems encompass the registration of births and deaths and the generation of vital statistics from these events. Improving registration practices provides a range of benefits. As part of the D4H initiative, countries will be supported to improve birth and death notification and registration through: use of enterprise architecture; establishing committees; reviewing legislation and regulations; and implementing standard collection forms.
Registration practices refer to all the actions that need to take place from the notification of an event, to its registration with the appropriate civil registry authorities, through to the issue of a certified document. Examples of best practice for birth and death registration include making it a legal requirement to register; no fee for registration; and clearly defining roles and responsibilities of various agents.
In Indonesia, the Plan International Birth Registration Innovation Team is working with the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) to identify ways to increase the coverage of birth certificates in Indonesia. This collaboration began in 2015 and this newly published Roadmap for Cooperation outlines possible areas of engagement with MoHA and other partners in Indonesia.
An Act to amend the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957.
A panel discussion focusing on the important connection between CRVS, Social Development and the Sustainable Developments Goals will be held as a side event to the fourth session of the Committee on Social development. The getinthepicture.org website was also officially launched at this event with the video below explaining how to get the most out of the website.
Also available online are the other videos presented in the meeting:
This is the report of the first meeting of National CRVS Steering and Coordination Committee held in Hotel Marriot- Islamabad and supported through WHO under its COIA initiative. Following were the main workshop objectives;
– To discuss the progress made for CRVS improvement and implementation of CRVS Strategic Plan.
– To urge the provincial and special area governments to notify their provincial steering and coordination committees so that national strategic direction could be translated.
This comprehensive assessment reviewed the main aspects of Cambodia's Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system using the WHO guidance tool. These include the legal and regulatory framework; registration, certification and coding practices; and the compilation, tabulation and use of the resulting data. The focus throughout the assessment was on births, deaths and causes of death, because these are fundamental to guide public health programes, monitor population dynamics and measure key health indicators.
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade, 2015-2024
Having a birth certificate is a key to citizenship. Most people born in this country take it for granted that they can prove they are Australian and lawful citizens by producing their birth certificate. But a number of Australians — predominantly Indigenous people and those from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities — miss out on the benefits of citizenship and struggle to fully participate in society because their birth has never been registered, or if it was, they cannot produce a birth certificate to prove it.
The Baseline Study was conducted during 2012-2013 by the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Justice (AIPJ) and represents a collaborative research effort combining data and analysis from a number of research studies and sources undertaken by AIPJ and a range of partner organisations.
The objective of this publication is to analyze the legal, administrative, and technological requirements for the use of information and communications technology (ICT) for birth registration. The intended audience includes civil registry agencies or those countries that are considering the introduction of ICT, as well as those that already have the system in place.
Material depicting origin and effects of the Global Financing Facility concept come from Canada presented during the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014
This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014 by Mr. Joe Iati, Registrar General, Civil Status Office Ministry of Internal Affairs, Vanuatu
In recent years, the Government of Pakistan has demonstrated increased commitment to social sector development, consequently leading to some notable successes. In particular, the country is celebrating the recent achievement of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for sanitation, halving the proportion of the population without sustainable access to basic sanitation. Over the past two decades, the government has also made notable strides in combatting polio, increasing routine immunization and decreasing the number of out-ofschool children.
As part of the reporting structure of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific, by the end of 2015, members and associate members are required to submit a baseline report to the ESCAP Secretariat through their designated national focal point. This report is the report submitted by Armenia.
The Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade 2015- 2024 was proclaimed at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and Pacific, held in Bangkok in November 2014. This poster illustrates the three goals and 15 targets of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which was one of the key outcomes of the Conference. (Poster: © UN ESCAP 2014)
What if... every child was in the picture Civil registration and vital statistics The case for investment
This paper recalls the vital functions that civil registration systems perform in ensuring legal protection to the people of a country and contributing to the economic and social development of a nation through creation of a permanent demographic database. While some “interim solutions” including demographic surveys and surveillance sites have been implemented to bridge the gap regarding health related data, the paper argues that these are not a substitute for strengthening the civil registration systems.
This handbook provides those working on birth registration with the background, general principles and programming process. The guide is divided into three main chapters: Understanding birth registration in the context of civil registration sets the scene for the rest of the guide, discussing why birth registration matters in the lives of children and provides an overview of what birth registration is and the international framework that governs its implementation.
The present study aims at identifying good practices led by UNICEF between 2000 and 2009 in integrating birth registration with the health system and promoting the use of information technology as tools for universalizing birth registration and strengthening health services for children.
The Asian and Pacific Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Decade 2015- 2024 was proclaimed at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and Pacific, held in Bangkok in November 2014. This publication contains the Ministerial Declaration to "Get Every One in the Picture" and the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific, which were two key outcomes of the Conference.
This publication presents the latest available data on the extent of unregistered children and assesses progress to date in increasing birth registration rates worldwide. The current publication spans 161 countries and presents the latest available country data and estimates (at both the global and regional levels) on birth registration.
This paper shows that improving birth registration in the region and tackling inequities present in many national registration practices requires a comprehensive, multi-sector and multi-dimensional response. It requires effective integration of governance, technical standards and operational practice, and investment in civil registrars as a critical human resource working with present-day equipment and information and communication technology.
The child who is not registered at birth is in danger of being shut out of society – denied the right to an official identity, a recognized name and a nationality. This Digest examines the situation of children who are denied a fundamental human right and who, in legal terms, do not exist. This Digest has three aims. First, to emphasize the value of birth registration. Second, to explore the obstacles to universal registration. Third, to identify the action needed to bring about universal birth registration.
This training course on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Systems has been prepared by the International Statistics Program at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. The course is intended to provide information to epidemiologists, statisticians, demographers, and others working in public health about vital statistics data gathered from a national civil registration system.
The objective of this study is to present available empirical evidence obtained through household surveys in order to estimate levels of registration and to understand which factors are associated with children who obtain a birth certificate, and thus realize their right to a name and legal identity. The paper presents a global assessment of birth registration levels, differentials in birth registration rates according to socio-economic and demographic variables, proximate variables and caretaker knowledge, as well as a multivariate analysis.
As Members and associate members prepare to set their own national targets for the CRVS Decade, ESCAP and partners have developed a set of guidelines to assist countries in this process.
This document provides guidance on identifying and mitigating risks associated with digital birth registration for implementing government agencies and their partners operating in low- and middle-income countries. It expands on the model of DBR developed by Plan International as part of its Count Every Child initiative and within the context of strengthening civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems more broadly. The tool provides: checklists of likely risk factors, example risk mitigation mechanisms for each, and prompts to develop context-based responses.
The Global Plan for Scaling-up Civil Registration and Vital Statistics covers activities over a 10 year period from 2015 to 2024, with the goal of universal civil registration of births, deaths, marriages, and other vital events, including reporting cause of death, and access to legal proof of registration for all individuals by 2030.
CDC/NCHS is providing support and has been collaborating with the National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems (NAPHSIS) and other VR stakeholders to support the eVital Standards Initiative with the goal of providing support for the development of VR standards to enable interoperable electronic data exchanges among electronic health record systems, U.S. vital records systems and potentially other public health information systems for birth, death and fetal death events
This dictionary aims to broaden the understanding of the concepts and terms pertaining to civil registration and identification, and thus contribute in a small way to accurate and concise communication in this area. This dictionary is an attempt to develop a common understanding of existing terminology and terms that have not been described anywhere else by combining them all in one document.
Short explanation of methodology and sources for the calculation the coverage and quality of birth and death registration data.
This document highlights the importance of birth registration in Africa and presents the status of birth registration, what is currently being done and recommendations for improvement.
The New South Wales Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages (“the Registry”) is reviewing the content of birth certificates in Australia. This review is being undertaken for the following reasons: To examine changes in how birth certificates are used; in consideration of how birth certificates can best reflect the changing composition of families in Australia; and in response to recommendations of the Senate Community Affairs Committee inquiry into the Commonwealth’s role in former adoption policies and practices.
United Nations ESCAP
United Nations Building
Rajadamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Phone: +66 2 2882593
© United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 2018