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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Viet Nam
Viet Nam

The civil registration system in Vietnam is primarily organized by the Ministry of Justice at national level, which then coordinates with its offices at Provincial, District and Commune level, each time in collaboration with the local People’s Committee.  At commune level, this organization relies on the community and Village workers. Each of the levels helps with Civil registration management and production of Vital statistics. The Ministry of Justice collaborates with the Ministry of Public Security.

 

In November 2014, the National Assembly adopted Law on Civil registration which is the highest legal document regulating civil registration. A decision of the Minister of Justice on the project “National electronic civil status database” (2015) created the e-Civil registration database (e-CRD), which started to be implemented in 2016, at first in a few provinces and progressively spread. This digitalization makes it easier to produce timely and accurate Vital statistics.

 

A National Action Programme on CRVS for the period of 2017 – 2024 was adopted, proclaiming different goals aligned with the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific, such as to ensure complete, accurate and legitimate civil registration and vital statistics, to ensure that everyone is provided with legal documentation and to create a more consistent coordination mechanism among related sectors.

 

There General Statistics Office is responsible for publishing vital statistics, predominantly based on surveys and census.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Nguyen Cong Khanh, Director General of the Department of Civil registration, nationality and attestation, Ministry of Justice

Viet Nam

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 97 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 98.5 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdictionhave had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 75 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2022, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2022, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 97 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

TARGET

2024

97%

1.B
By 2024, at least 98.5 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdictionhave had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

98.5%

1.C
By 2024, at least 75 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

75%

1.D
By 2024, at least 90 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

TARGET

2024

90%

1.E
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

14%

TARGET

2024

80%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2022, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2022

3.B
By 2024, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2024

3.C
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

TARGET

2024

80%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 50 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

TARGET

2024

50%

3.F
By 2022, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2022

3.G
By 2024, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2024

3.H
By 2024, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2024

Viet Nam

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

Inequality Assessment

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Viet Nam: Complete

Viet Nam Events
At the 13th Meeting of the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) in October 2016, a project was…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Viet Nam News
08 February 2019
Between 28 - 30 January, in Bangkok, Thailand, Vital Strategies and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP…
14 December 2018
angkok, Thailand For the concluding activity of the collaborative ESCAP-Vital Strategies project to strengthen national capacities in producing and…
12 January 2018
The Vietnamese government has included CRVS improvements as an integral part of the National Action Plan for the implementation of the 2030…
21 July 2017
The Ministry of Justice of Viet Nam hosted the launch of the National CRVS Steering Committee in Hanoi on 16 June 2017 to announce the Viet Nam CRVS…
17 April 2017
During 14-16 March, staff from the ESCAP Statistics Division met with key stakeholders in Viet Nam to discuss improvements to the CRVS system and the…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
25 November 2016
The Statistics Division of ESCAP has sent invitations to National Statistical Offices (NSOs) to express their interest in participating in a project…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Viet Nam Resources
International Standards and Recommendations, Meeting Documents, Presentations, 2017
UN Statistics Division organized a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East Asian…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2011
This document features nine recent innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF programmes which are illustrative examples of some of our work on…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Workshop on ensuring the recognition of the legal identity of all women and children in ASEAN Ten new countries join the Global…
Presentations, 2017
Viet Nam's country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Presentations, 2016
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Getting Every One in the Picture- What is 'universal registration' ? Who is your national CRVS focal point? Trial of data sharing in…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles New Chair of the Regional Steering Group on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific Reporting on baselines and national targets for the Regional …
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2010
The handbook is one of the outputs of the Asian Development Bank regional technical assistance (TA) on Improving Administrative Data Sources for the…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Statements, 2014
Viet Nam issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Viet Nam

The civil registration system in Vietnam is primarily organized by the Ministry of Justice at national level, which then coordinates with its offices at Provincial, District and Commune level, each time in collaboration with the local People’s Committee.  At commune level, this organization relies on the community and Village workers. Each of the levels helps with Civil registration management and production of Vital statistics. The Ministry of Justice collaborates with the Ministry of Public Security.

 

In November 2014, the National Assembly adopted Law on Civil registration which is the highest legal document regulating civil registration. A decision of the Minister of Justice on the project “National electronic civil status database” (2015) created the e-Civil registration database (e-CRD), which started to be implemented in 2016, at first in a few provinces and progressively spread. This digitalization makes it easier to produce timely and accurate Vital statistics.

 

A National Action Programme on CRVS for the period of 2017 – 2024 was adopted, proclaiming different goals aligned with the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific, such as to ensure complete, accurate and legitimate civil registration and vital statistics, to ensure that everyone is provided with legal documentation and to create a more consistent coordination mechanism among related sectors.

 

There General Statistics Office is responsible for publishing vital statistics, predominantly based on surveys and census.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Nguyen Cong Khanh, Director General of the Department of Civil registration, nationality and attestation, Ministry of Justice

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