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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Vanuatu
Vanuatu

The Vanuatu CRVS system is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It also relies on the Health Information System for birth or death happening in Health facilities. However, 70% of the population live in the Rural areas, some of which live in traditional lifestyles and have little interaction with government or health facilities. Besides, the different departments involved struggle to share data and rely on families to provide the appropriate information to each of them. This is even problematic considering the barrier in hindering people due to the cost of travelling to a registered center. This leads to a poor CRVS situation, with UNICEF estimating in 2008 the percentage of children living in Vanuatu whose birth had been registered to be 26%.

To tackle this problem, a CRVS task force has been installed, and in a few years, Vanuatu has greatly improved birth registration. This was mainly achieved through partnerships with the Ministry of Health, enforcing the registration of new births at hospital prior to discharge, and with the Ministry of Education, integrating the registration of children through schools as part of their initial enrolment process. “Catch-up days” in remote areas that do not have regular contact with government have also been established.  These activities have been supported by the roll-out of IT connectivity to provincial centers and the development of a national CRVS database. These activities have led to a 2012-2014 birth registration completeness estimate of 83.2%, and death registration completeness estimate of 52%

The key lessons identified by Vanuatu in the implementation of these programs are the importance of using decentralization and existing contact points with government to bring registration to communities, that a strong IT infrastructure is important to supporting expansion of registration activities, and that multi‐sectoral cooperation is key for CRVS improvements.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Benuel Lenge, Director, Department of Civil Registry and Vital Statistics

RSG Member:

Mr. Simil Johnson, National Statistician, Vanuatu National Statistical Office

Vanuatu

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least … per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least … per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least … per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least … per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.
Vanuatu

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Vanuatu: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Vanuatu: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Vanuatu: Not started

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Vanuatu: No data

Inequality Assessment

Status in Vanuatu: No data

National Strategy

Status in Vanuatu: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Vanuatu: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Vanuatu: Not started

Vanuatu Events
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Statistics Norway, and the European Free Trade Association…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Vanuatu News
08 February 2019
Between 28 - 30 January, in Bangkok, Thailand, Vital Strategies and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP…
05 January 2018
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and Fiji…
04 December 2017
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the…
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
08 September 2017
The Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting was held in the Cook Islands from 28-30 August. Ministers emphasized the importance of CRVS to the health…
06 September 2017
The Cook Islands hosted the Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting 28-30 August 2017. Ministers again emphasized the importance of civil registration…
24 May 2017
Effective CRVS systems play an important role in assisting countries to adequately plan for and respond to disasters, and it is important that CRVS…
11 May 2017
Road traffic accidents and injuries are an important cause of premature deaths in the Pacific Islands, but are often poorly recorded in our cause of…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
18 September 2016
Over the last 2 weeks of September, 18 participants from six countries (Kiribati, Tuvalu, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Solomon Islands)…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
02 July 2015
The development of the Civil Registry's Information Management System by the Department of Civil Status in Vanuatu received international recognition…
01 January 2014
UNICEF has just published three videos on birth registration in the Pacific. The videos highlight the different challenges as well as some of the…
Vanuatu Resources
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Report, 2018
Vanuatu published its first vital statistics report based on administrative data. This report presents data and statistics on live births and deaths…
Report, 2017
This is the report of the Pacific Civil Registrars Network Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop, organized on 2 to 4 October 2017, in Suva,…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
Vanuatu's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the New…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Vanuatu's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
Newsletters, 2014
This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014 by Mr. Joe Iati, Registrar…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
In preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific a fact sheet on civil registration…
Vanuatu

The Vanuatu CRVS system is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It also relies on the Health Information System for birth or death happening in Health facilities. However, 70% of the population live in the Rural areas, some of which live in traditional lifestyles and have little interaction with government or health facilities. Besides, the different departments involved struggle to share data and rely on families to provide the appropriate information to each of them. This is even problematic considering the barrier in hindering people due to the cost of travelling to a registered center. This leads to a poor CRVS situation, with UNICEF estimating in 2008 the percentage of children living in Vanuatu whose birth had been registered to be 26%.

To tackle this problem, a CRVS task force has been installed, and in a few years, Vanuatu has greatly improved birth registration. This was mainly achieved through partnerships with the Ministry of Health, enforcing the registration of new births at hospital prior to discharge, and with the Ministry of Education, integrating the registration of children through schools as part of their initial enrolment process. “Catch-up days” in remote areas that do not have regular contact with government have also been established.  These activities have been supported by the roll-out of IT connectivity to provincial centers and the development of a national CRVS database. These activities have led to a 2012-2014 birth registration completeness estimate of 83.2%, and death registration completeness estimate of 52%

The key lessons identified by Vanuatu in the implementation of these programs are the importance of using decentralization and existing contact points with government to bring registration to communities, that a strong IT infrastructure is important to supporting expansion of registration activities, and that multi‐sectoral cooperation is key for CRVS improvements.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Benuel Lenge, Director, Department of Civil Registry and Vital Statistics

RSG Member:

Mr. Simil Johnson, National Statistician, Vanuatu National Statistical Office

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