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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Tonga
Tonga

Civil registration is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice, through the Registrar’s General Office, who now works with the Ministry of Health to produce more accurate data.

 

A CRVS Committee was re-established in 2014, with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Justice, Internal Affairs, Finance, Education, Police, Elections Office, the Statistics Department, the National ID Office and the Courts, to build a better coordination and data sharing mechanism. In 2016, birth registration within one year of occurrence was estimated to be 96%, whereas it is only 58% for death registration in the same time period. The legally defined time limit for birth and death registration is 3 weeks, and a death registration is not necessary for funeral permit. A centralized database has been created to account for all events, and this digitalization process should move further with the e-Government World Bank funded project (2019-2024). Among other policies, the project will improve Tonga’s civil registration and national ID systems, ensuring that each Tongan citizen and resident is assigned a unique ID number at birth, that their legal identity can be authenticated for accessing services in-person and online, and that birth, death and marriage records are linked.

 

Like many countries in the Pacific region, Tonga faces difficulties in their CRVS system linked to the geography of its territory, made of scarcely populated islands, which has lead in the past to some problems, for example with natural disasters, islands’ records usually being transmitted to the central system on a yearly basis or less. The legal framework around civil registration, outdated, needs adaptation to newly emerging challenges or to up-to-date technological innovations. It started to be reviewed in 2016. The collaboration between agencies is also an important subject on the road to complete civil registration and has been one of the top objectives of the CRVS committee.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms.Temaleti Manakovi, Acting Chief Executive Officer/Deputy Secretary at Registrar General's Office, Ministry of Justice

Tonga

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 97 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdictionhave had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 84 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 5 per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2017, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

89%

TARGET

2024

95%

1.B
By 2024, at least 97 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdictionhave had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

97%

1.C
By 2024, at least 84 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

95%

TARGET

2024

84%

1.D
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

50%

TARGET

2024

85%

1.E
By 2024, at least ... per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

TARGET

2024

95%

2.B
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

TARGET

2024

80%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2017

3.B
By 2017, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2017

3.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

baseline

2014

50%

TARGET

2024

95%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 5 per cent.

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

5%

3.E
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

TARGET

2024

95%

3.F
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2017

3.G
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2017

3.H
By 2017, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2017

Tonga

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Tonga: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Tonga: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Tonga: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Tonga: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Tonga: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Tonga: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Tonga: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Tonga: Complete

Tonga Events
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG) under the leadership of the Pacific Community (SPC), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Tonga News
31 May 2019
Tongans will soon benefit from improved digital access to key public services, including significant upgrades to Tonga’s civil registration and…
05 January 2018
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and Fiji…
04 December 2017
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the…
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
08 September 2017
The Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting was held in the Cook Islands from 28-30 August. Ministers emphasized the importance of CRVS to the health…
06 September 2017
The Cook Islands hosted the Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting 28-30 August 2017. Ministers again emphasized the importance of civil registration…
11 May 2017
Road traffic accidents and injuries are an important cause of premature deaths in the Pacific Islands, but are often poorly recorded in our cause of…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Tonga Resources
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2018
This fact sheet on measuring Target 16.9 of the global sustainable development goals (SDGs) assesses the status of legal identification in the…
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
Tonga's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the New…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
Meeting Documents, 2014
Civil registration and vital statistics update briefing for the meeting of ministers of health of the Pacific island countries in Honiara July 2014
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
In preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific a fact sheet on civil registration…
Tonga

Civil registration is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice, through the Registrar’s General Office, who now works with the Ministry of Health to produce more accurate data.

 

A CRVS Committee was re-established in 2014, with representatives from the Ministries of Health, Justice, Internal Affairs, Finance, Education, Police, Elections Office, the Statistics Department, the National ID Office and the Courts, to build a better coordination and data sharing mechanism. In 2016, birth registration within one year of occurrence was estimated to be 96%, whereas it is only 58% for death registration in the same time period. The legally defined time limit for birth and death registration is 3 weeks, and a death registration is not necessary for funeral permit. A centralized database has been created to account for all events, and this digitalization process should move further with the e-Government World Bank funded project (2019-2024). Among other policies, the project will improve Tonga’s civil registration and national ID systems, ensuring that each Tongan citizen and resident is assigned a unique ID number at birth, that their legal identity can be authenticated for accessing services in-person and online, and that birth, death and marriage records are linked.

 

Like many countries in the Pacific region, Tonga faces difficulties in their CRVS system linked to the geography of its territory, made of scarcely populated islands, which has lead in the past to some problems, for example with natural disasters, islands’ records usually being transmitted to the central system on a yearly basis or less. The legal framework around civil registration, outdated, needs adaptation to newly emerging challenges or to up-to-date technological innovations. It started to be reviewed in 2016. The collaboration between agencies is also an important subject on the road to complete civil registration and has been one of the top objectives of the CRVS committee.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms.Temaleti Manakovi, Acting Chief Executive Officer/Deputy Secretary at Registrar General's Office, Ministry of Justice

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Events

News

Resources

Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2018