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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Thailand
Thailand

Civil Registration system in Thailand is centralized, automated and fully digitalized. Currently all provincial registration offices and almost all of the district registration offices are on-line, collecting and transferring data to the central database in real-time. The computerized population database project started in 1982.

 

Civil Registration is the responsibility of Ministry of Interior (MOI) and is carried out by Bureau of Registration and Administration (BORA) and the Civil Registration Division under the Department of Local Administration.

 

Vital statistics are produced by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH), using both data from the MOI and standardized data sets primarily used for the public insurance purposes. The two ministries have been collaborating since 1996, which allows for more accurate and timely data.

 

Birth registration needs to be completed within 15 days, and in only 24 hours for death registration. Both registrations are free. Because of the high number of deaths occurring outside of health facilities, Thailand had to implement a special program aimed at enhancing the cause of death coding, providing medical training. At the beginning of the CRVS Decade, Thailand was close to a complete civil registration system, with an estimated 98% of births and deaths registered.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Sanchai Techanimitvat, Information Technology and System Senior Specialist, Bureau of Registration Administration

And Mr. Banchob Chantarat, Director of Civil Registration Division, Ministry of Interior

Thailand

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 20 per cent compared with the baseline year.
3.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

98%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

98%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

98%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

98%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

98%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

baseline

2014

97%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced by 20 per cent compared with the baseline year.

baseline

2014

20%

TARGET

2024

20%

3.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

TARGET

2024

100%

3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.H
By ...(year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

Target achieved

Thailand

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Thailand: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Thailand: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Thailand: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Thailand: Not Commenced

Inequality Assessment

Status in Thailand: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Thailand: Not Commenced

National Focal Point

Status in Thailand: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Thailand: Complete

Thailand Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
24 July 2018 - 25 July 2018
The UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (UNICEF-ROSA) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) are…
This conference will serve as a unique forum to take stock of the recent innovations in the field, tackle issues of common concern, and debate…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
15 July 2014 - 17 July 2014
UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCAP, Plan International, and WHO, in collaboration the CRVS Regional Steering Group and other partners, hosted the Asia-Pacific…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
This workshop is organized by World Vision, and it aims to contribute towards improving the awareness and capacity of stakeholders in Asia Pacific to…
The overall theme of the fourth Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development is "Eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing Asia-…
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific is the main legislative organ of ESCAP and reports to the Economic and…
14 December 2016 - 16 December 2016
The fifth session of the Committee on Statistics was held at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, Thailand from 14 till 16 December 2016…
The members of the Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics convened at the Second Meeting of this group in order to…
ESCAP will convene a regional workshop for countries who received small grants to support national CRVS improvement activities. The technical…
A panel discussion focusing on the important connection between CRVS, Social Development and the Sustainable Developments Goals will be held as a…
The ESCAP Secretariat is convening a meeting of the inter-agency regional CRVS Partnership on 19 January 2016.
This webinar gave national CRVS focal points an overview of the reporting template and provided a forum for raising questions regarding reporting for…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Thailand News
22 January 2020
Announced near the end of 2019, Thailand Department of Provincial Administration created 10 separate "flagship" projects and made ending…
11 October 2017
Expert Talks: Understanding civil registration and vital statistics systems is a series of 22 short interviews with CRVS experts from around the…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
05 April 2016
Samoa's Government Statistician recently came for a study visit to the Bureau of Registration Administration of Thailand (BORA). On April 5th, staff…
Thailand Resources
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Third meeting of the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific New video series on CRVS systems High-level panelists…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Journals, Articles and Working Papers, 2006
This study aims to assess the quality of mortality data from the registration system of Thailand. The study takes advantage of the Kanchanaburi…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
An effective Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) system helps secure a person’s legal identity, tracks the major events of an individual’s…
Meeting Documents, 2008
This document was the meeting document of the First session, Committee on Statistics, organized in Bangkok from 15 to 17 December 2008. It was…
Presentations, 2016
Australian National University's presentation made at the Expert Group Meeting on "Methodology and lessons learned to evaluate the completeness and…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Presentations, 2014
This material was presented at the This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28…
Presentations, 2014
Dr. Boonchai Kijsanayotin, Co-Chair, Asian eHealth Information Network
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2013
This report presents the results of the comprehensive assessment on national civil registration and vital statistics system (CRVS) of Thailand, which…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2016
As part of the reporting structure of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) in Asia and the Pacific, by the…
Country Statements, 2014
Thailand issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Thailand

Civil Registration system in Thailand is centralized, automated and fully digitalized. Currently all provincial registration offices and almost all of the district registration offices are on-line, collecting and transferring data to the central database in real-time. The computerized population database project started in 1982.

 

Civil Registration is the responsibility of Ministry of Interior (MOI) and is carried out by Bureau of Registration and Administration (BORA) and the Civil Registration Division under the Department of Local Administration.

 

Vital statistics are produced by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH), using both data from the MOI and standardized data sets primarily used for the public insurance purposes. The two ministries have been collaborating since 1996, which allows for more accurate and timely data.

 

Birth registration needs to be completed within 15 days, and in only 24 hours for death registration. Both registrations are free. Because of the high number of deaths occurring outside of health facilities, Thailand had to implement a special program aimed at enhancing the cause of death coding, providing medical training. At the beginning of the CRVS Decade, Thailand was close to a complete civil registration system, with an estimated 98% of births and deaths registered.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Sanchai Techanimitvat, Information Technology and System Senior Specialist, Bureau of Registration Administration

And Mr. Banchob Chantarat, Director of Civil Registration Division, Ministry of Interior

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