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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Maldives
Maldives

The legal framework for civil registration in the Maldives is to be mostly found in the law on birth registration and death certification, enacted in 1993. Two main authorities have responsibilities in the system, the Ministry of Health and the Department of National Registration (DNR). The DNR is responsible for the collection of birth forms and death forms and their entry in the online database, and the Ministry of Health maintains data relating to births and deaths with the information collected from the birth and death form completed at the time of occurrence of a birth and a death. Registration can be locally carried out in 2 hospitals (both in capital city Malé), 6 Regional Hospitals, 13 Atoll Hospitals, 168 Health Centres, 189 Island Councils or 19 Atoll Councils. Vital statistics are the responsibility of the National Bureau of Statistics, a bureau of the Ministry of National Planning and Infrastructure. A CRVS coordination committee was established in 2017, chaired by the State Minister of Health, and with representants from the Department of National Registration, the National Centre for Information Technology, and the National Bureau of Statistics.

 

Birth registration has a legally defined 7 days limit, with fees applying, whereas death registration has no defined limit, but is necessary to obtain a funeral permit and is free of charge. Birth registration is approximately complete, and death registration was estimated to be around 90% complete in 2014. The establishment of the online birth and death system, in 2010, an online software application built on the Government Network of Maldives or GNM (e-Government platform), has helped a lot in the development of the CRVS system, but some challenges remain.

Some of those include personnel limitations, in terms of numbers, resources and training, which results in inconsistent data quality, most prominently in cause of death coding. The lack of incentive for death registration has also been pointed out as an impediment on the road to getting everyone in the picture.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Fathimath Riyaza, Deputy Statistician, National Bureau of Statistics Ministry of National Planning and Infrastructure

Maldives

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 4% per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

99.9%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

99%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

98.6%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

90.1%

MIDTERM

2018

81.70%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

68%

MIDTERM

2017

94.90%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.B
By ...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths –disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

baseline

2014

85.9%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to 4% per cent.

baseline

2012

10%

MIDTERM

2017

6.20%

TARGET

2024

4%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

baseline

2014

14%

3.F
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.G
By ...(year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.
Maldives

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Maldives: Not started

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Maldives: Not started

National Targets for 2024

Status in Maldives: In progress

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Maldives: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Maldives: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Maldives: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Maldives: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Maldives: Complete

Maldives Events
The second CR8 meeting was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the…
24 July 2018 - 25 July 2018
The UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (UNICEF-ROSA) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) are…
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), with support from the Bloomberg Data for Health Initiative (D4H…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Maldives News
22 July 2019
A delegation of 8 officials from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics(BBS) visited Maldives National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) from 25-27 June 2019 to…
31 December 2018
A two-day consultative stakeholder workshop on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics was held in the Maldives between 14 – 16 December 2018. The…
14 December 2018
angkok, Thailand For the concluding activity of the collaborative ESCAP-Vital Strategies project to strengthen national capacities in producing and…
30 August 2018
The first meeting of the Civil Registration Professionals of South Asia (CR8) took place between 24 - 25 July in Kathmandu, Nepal. Co-organized by…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
08 March 2017
The first meeting of the newly established national CRVS coordination mechanism was held 1 March in Male. The meeting brought together senior…
25 November 2016
The Statistics Division of ESCAP has sent invitations to National Statistical Offices (NSOs) to express their interest in participating in a project…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Maldives Resources
Newsletters, 2019
Articles 23 Member Countries have already reported on their CRVS progress since 2015 South Asia makes huge progress in birth registration, shows…
Report, 2018
Civil registration is a priority on the policy agenda of countries across South Asia. The governments in the region are committed to achieving the…
Newsletters, 2019
Articles  Upcoming meeting of the Regional Steering Group  Midterm review questionnaires to be sent to national CRVS focal points soon…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
The "Status of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in South Asia" report documents the policies, systems and procedures in place for the…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles New Chair of the Regional Steering Group on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific Reporting on baselines and national targets for the Regional …
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Country Statements, 2014
Maldives issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Maldives

The legal framework for civil registration in the Maldives is to be mostly found in the law on birth registration and death certification, enacted in 1993. Two main authorities have responsibilities in the system, the Ministry of Health and the Department of National Registration (DNR). The DNR is responsible for the collection of birth forms and death forms and their entry in the online database, and the Ministry of Health maintains data relating to births and deaths with the information collected from the birth and death form completed at the time of occurrence of a birth and a death. Registration can be locally carried out in 2 hospitals (both in capital city Malé), 6 Regional Hospitals, 13 Atoll Hospitals, 168 Health Centres, 189 Island Councils or 19 Atoll Councils. Vital statistics are the responsibility of the National Bureau of Statistics, a bureau of the Ministry of National Planning and Infrastructure. A CRVS coordination committee was established in 2017, chaired by the State Minister of Health, and with representants from the Department of National Registration, the National Centre for Information Technology, and the National Bureau of Statistics.

 

Birth registration has a legally defined 7 days limit, with fees applying, whereas death registration has no defined limit, but is necessary to obtain a funeral permit and is free of charge. Birth registration is approximately complete, and death registration was estimated to be around 90% complete in 2014. The establishment of the online birth and death system, in 2010, an online software application built on the Government Network of Maldives or GNM (e-Government platform), has helped a lot in the development of the CRVS system, but some challenges remain.

Some of those include personnel limitations, in terms of numbers, resources and training, which results in inconsistent data quality, most prominently in cause of death coding. The lack of incentive for death registration has also been pointed out as an impediment on the road to getting everyone in the picture.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Fathimath Riyaza, Deputy Statistician, National Bureau of Statistics Ministry of National Planning and Infrastructure

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