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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Lao PDR
Lao PDR

The main authority for civil registration in Laos is the Department of Citizen Management, a bureau of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). Other stakeholders include the Ministry of Health, which structures are supposed to notify births and deaths happening in hospitals. The Ministry of Justice is also in charge of registering some specific events. The registrations are not necessarily recorded through individual documents, but in family books. The Lao Statistics Bureau is responsible for the production and dissemination of vital statistics. At the moment, the civil registration system is still largely paper-based, which in turn affects the vital statistics accuracy and timeliness. To tackle those issue, a Civil Management Information System (CMIS) is being piloted in 3 provinces and 31 districts. With this centralized database, all provincial and district offices of the MOHA will send real-time online data directly to the central office. Health facilities that have internet access will also do electronic birth notification. Unique identification number (UIN) will be assigned at birth on the birth certificate and the same number will be used at age 15 and above for the issuance of national ID card.

 

Currently, the birth registration completeness rate is estimated to be around 34% (2017), with an equivalent level for death registration. This leaves Laos with one of the most challenging situations in South-East Asia on the road to complete and accurate CRVS.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Vandy Chanthalidethl, Deputy Director General, Department of Citizen Management Ministry of Home Affairs

RSG Member:

Ms. Thirakha Chanthalanouvong; Director General Social Statistics Department, Lao Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Planning and Investment

Lao PDR

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By 2018, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources
3.B
By 2018, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 75 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards
3.F
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2020, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2014

44%

MIDTERM

2018

43.20%

TARGET

2024

70%

1.B
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

80%

1.C
By 2024, at least 70 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

TARGET

2024

70%

1.D
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

MIDTERM

2018

37.30%

TARGET

2024

60%

1.E
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

TARGET

2024

85%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

100%

MIDTERM

2018

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By 2018, annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources

TARGET

2018

3.B
By 2018, annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2018

3.C
By 2024, at least 75 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

TARGET

2024

75%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least 60 per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards

TARGET

2024

60%

3.F
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2018

3.G
By 2018, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2018

3.H
By 2020, an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2020

Lao PDR

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Lao PDR: In progress

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Lao PDR: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Lao PDR: Complete

Lao PDR Events
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
UN Statistics Division is organising a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Lao PDR News
08 February 2019
Between 28 - 30 January, in Bangkok, Thailand, Vital Strategies and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
27 April 2016
11 – 15 April 2016, New York During the 49th Commission on Population and Development the Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Lao PDR Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
International Standards and Recommendations, Meeting Documents, Presentations, 2017
UN Statistics Division organized a workshop on the Operation of Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems in East Asian…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-…
Report, 2010
This publication serves as a report of the 'Regional Expert Roundtable on Good Practices for the Identification, Prevention and Reduction of…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Lao PDR issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2010
This publication serves as a report of an Expert Roundtable that was held in Bangkok on the 28th and 29th of October 2010 to discuss initiatives in…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Lao PDR

The main authority for civil registration in Laos is the Department of Citizen Management, a bureau of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). Other stakeholders include the Ministry of Health, which structures are supposed to notify births and deaths happening in hospitals. The Ministry of Justice is also in charge of registering some specific events. The registrations are not necessarily recorded through individual documents, but in family books. The Lao Statistics Bureau is responsible for the production and dissemination of vital statistics. At the moment, the civil registration system is still largely paper-based, which in turn affects the vital statistics accuracy and timeliness. To tackle those issue, a Civil Management Information System (CMIS) is being piloted in 3 provinces and 31 districts. With this centralized database, all provincial and district offices of the MOHA will send real-time online data directly to the central office. Health facilities that have internet access will also do electronic birth notification. Unique identification number (UIN) will be assigned at birth on the birth certificate and the same number will be used at age 15 and above for the issuance of national ID card.

 

Currently, the birth registration completeness rate is estimated to be around 34% (2017), with an equivalent level for death registration. This leaves Laos with one of the most challenging situations in South-East Asia on the road to complete and accurate CRVS.

CRVS Focal Point:

Mr. Vandy Chanthalidethl, Deputy Director General, Department of Citizen Management Ministry of Home Affairs

RSG Member:

Ms. Thirakha Chanthalanouvong; Director General Social Statistics Department, Lao Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Planning and Investment

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