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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Fiji
Fiji

The CRVS system in Fiji relies on collaboration between the Ministry of Justice, Registrar Generals Office, the Ministry of Health and Medical Services, and the Fiji Bureau of Statistics. The Ministry of Justice, however, is primarily responsible for administering births, deaths and marriages, as well as maintaining all records of these registered events in Fiji, according to the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act and the Marriages Act.

Fiji maintains 3 divisional offices, 19 district offices and 18 assistant district registries addressing the birth and death registration needs of the population. Either birth or death registration is available in all of the centers, but all information is sent to Fiji's Central Registration Office.

Birth registration must occur within two months following birth, but no penalty is incurred for late registration until after one year. Births registered after two months must be made by a solemn declaration. Registration is free but issuing a birth certificate incurs a prescribed fee.

Major hospitals in Suva, Lautoka and Labasa are linked with the birth and death monitoring computer networking system, and births in these institutions are recorded for registration purposes. Written records are still stored and maintained, however, only to provide a back-up source for the registry. The patient information system for recording births in public hospitals is also an online, centralized, web database system enabling data to be routinely collected in a timely manner.

All deaths occurring within the country are required to be reported to the nearest health facility. The Ministry of Health and Medical Services captures death information on a death notification form and enters this information into an electronic database. The death notification, along with the birth certificate of the deceased, are used to complete the medical certificate with a cause of death. A copy of the medical certificate is then sent to the Central Registration Office for official the official register and a death certificate is then issued to the informant to facilitate a funeral for the deceased and family succession matters.

The Fiji Bureau of Statistics does not presently publish vital statistics records from civil registration data on an annual basis. Instead, annual statistics on births and deaths are derived from administrative data, surveys and censuses. The statistics produced are dis-aggregated by sex and age, and generated at the national and sub-national levels, however, statistics on cause of death by sex and age are only available nationally.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Kamni Naidu, Administrator-General, Ministry of Justice

RSG Member:

Ms. Kamni Naidu, Administrator-General, Ministry of Justice

Fiji

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered
1.B
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered
1.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered
1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least 99.9 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By 2016 annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to <1% per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner havetheir underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By 2016, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By 2018 , an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered

BASELINE

2014

42%

MIDTERM

2017

54.30%

TARGET

2024

85%

1.B
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered

baseline

73%

TARGET

2024

85%

1.C
By 2024, at least 95 per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered

baseline

71%

TARGET

2024

95%

1.D
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

59%

MIDTERM

2017

83%

TARGET

2024

100%

1.E
By 2024, at least 99.9 per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

99.3%

MIDTERM

2017

99.90%

TARGET

2024

99.9%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2014

100%

MIDTERM

2018

99.80%

TARGET

2024

100%

2.B
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

100%

MIDTERM

2018

90.80%

TARGET

2024

100%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By...(year), annual nationally representative statistics on births –disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision –are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

Target achieved

3.B
By 2016 annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.

TARGET

2016

3.C
By 2024, at least 100 per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate)

baseline

2014

100%

TARGET

2024

100%

3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to <1% per cent.

baseline

2014

3.1%

MIDTERM

2017

3.80%

TARGET

2024

<1%

3.E
By 2024, at least ...per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner havetheir underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.

TARGET

2024

Not applicable

3.F
By 2016, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.

TARGET

2016

3.G
By 2017, key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.

TARGET

2017

3.H
By 2018 , an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

TARGET

2018

Fiji

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Fiji: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Fiji: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Fiji: Complete

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Fiji: Not started

Inequality Assessment

Status in Fiji: Complete

National Strategy

Status in Fiji: Plans

National Focal Point

Status in Fiji: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Fiji: Complete

Fiji Events
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG) under the leadership of the Pacific Community (SPC), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (…
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
28 November 2017 - 30 November 2017
28-30 November 2017, the Pacific Community (SPC) will be hosting a review/“train the trainers” meeting in Fiji on cause of death certification with…
02 October 2017 - 04 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars Network (PCRN) is organizing a workshop on disaster planning and response in Suva, Fiji from 2 to 4 October 2017. The…
The Regional Steering Group provides guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Fiji News
08 February 2019
Between 28 - 30 January, in Bangkok, Thailand, Vital Strategies and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP…
29 January 2018
The CRVS Secretariat of the Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh organized the "International Conference on CRVS, 2018" on 23-25 January 2018…
05 January 2018
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and Fiji…
04 December 2017
The Brisbane Accord Group (BAG), led by SPC, WHO, the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and the…
30 October 2017
The Pacific Civil Registrars – Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop was conducted in Suva, Fiji from 2-5 October. The workshop aimed to…
24 October 2017
In the following interviews held on the sidelines of the Third meeting of the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific, participants…
08 September 2017
The Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting was held in the Cook Islands from 28-30 August. Ministers emphasized the importance of CRVS to the health…
06 September 2017
The Cook Islands hosted the Pacific Ministers of Health Meeting 28-30 August 2017. Ministers again emphasized the importance of civil registration…
24 May 2017
Effective CRVS systems play an important role in assisting countries to adequately plan for and respond to disasters, and it is important that CRVS…
11 May 2017
Road traffic accidents and injuries are an important cause of premature deaths in the Pacific Islands, but are often poorly recorded in our cause of…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
08 March 2017
The Regional Steering Group on CRVS in Asia and the Pacific is pleased to welcome its new Chair. The Honourable Minister for Health and Medical…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Fiji Resources
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Within the last five years, almost all Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have undertaken an assessment of the civil registration and…
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Newsletters, 2019
Articles How has CRVS Progressed in Asia-Pacific since 2015? Papua New Guinea Comprehensive Assessment Completed Fifth Conference of African…
Report, 2019
This report provides statistics pertaining to births registered by the Civil Registration Office (CRO) of Fiji during period 2012-2017, and deaths…
Report, 2017
This is the report of the Pacific Civil Registrars Network Disaster Preparation and Response Workshop, organized on 2 to 4 October 2017, in Suva,…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2014
Meeting Documents, 2017
An Information Paper on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics prepared for the 5th Regional Conference of Heads of Planning and Statistics (HOPS),…
Presentations, 2017
Fiji's presentation at the 2017 PCRN Meeting on CRVS for Disasters held from 2-4 October in Suva, Fiji. The workshop was supported by the New Zealand…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Pacific civil registrars from 16 countries discuss common challenges and solutions to disaster response  Global Leaders Join ID4D High-…
Presentations, 2017
Fiji’s country presentation made at the Technical Seminar on Legal Framework for Civil Registration, Vital Statistics and Identity Management Systems…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Enroll in the facilitated CRVS eLearning course today Cambodia completes survey to establish national baselines on CRVS The Regional…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Presentations, 2015
Fiji's country presentation made at the 1st Regional Steering Group for Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Meeting, Bangkok, 28-30 July…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Newsletters, 2016
Articles Strong commitment for improving CRVS in the Pacific Toolkit for assessing civil registration of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless…
Meeting Documents, 2014
Civil registration and vital statistics update briefing for the meeting of ministers of health of the Pacific island countries in Honiara July 2014
Presentations, 2014
This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014 by H.E. Ms Veena Bhatnagar…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Meeting Documents, 2016
WHAT WE DO: We provide an opportunity to share information, lessons learned and good practice. This fosters coordination and integration of Civil…
Country Statements, 2014
Fiji issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia and the…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Advocacy Materials, 2014
In preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific a fact sheet on civil registration…
Fiji

The CRVS system in Fiji relies on collaboration between the Ministry of Justice, Registrar Generals Office, the Ministry of Health and Medical Services, and the Fiji Bureau of Statistics. The Ministry of Justice, however, is primarily responsible for administering births, deaths and marriages, as well as maintaining all records of these registered events in Fiji, according to the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act and the Marriages Act.

Fiji maintains 3 divisional offices, 19 district offices and 18 assistant district registries addressing the birth and death registration needs of the population. Either birth or death registration is available in all of the centers, but all information is sent to Fiji's Central Registration Office.

Birth registration must occur within two months following birth, but no penalty is incurred for late registration until after one year. Births registered after two months must be made by a solemn declaration. Registration is free but issuing a birth certificate incurs a prescribed fee.

Major hospitals in Suva, Lautoka and Labasa are linked with the birth and death monitoring computer networking system, and births in these institutions are recorded for registration purposes. Written records are still stored and maintained, however, only to provide a back-up source for the registry. The patient information system for recording births in public hospitals is also an online, centralized, web database system enabling data to be routinely collected in a timely manner.

All deaths occurring within the country are required to be reported to the nearest health facility. The Ministry of Health and Medical Services captures death information on a death notification form and enters this information into an electronic database. The death notification, along with the birth certificate of the deceased, are used to complete the medical certificate with a cause of death. A copy of the medical certificate is then sent to the Central Registration Office for official the official register and a death certificate is then issued to the informant to facilitate a funeral for the deceased and family succession matters.

The Fiji Bureau of Statistics does not presently publish vital statistics records from civil registration data on an annual basis. Instead, annual statistics on births and deaths are derived from administrative data, surveys and censuses. The statistics produced are dis-aggregated by sex and age, and generated at the national and sub-national levels, however, statistics on cause of death by sex and age are only available nationally.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Kamni Naidu, Administrator-General, Ministry of Justice

RSG Member:

Ms. Kamni Naidu, Administrator-General, Ministry of Justice

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Events

News

Resources

Country Assessments and Strategies, 2020
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
Training and Tools, 2019