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CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Afghanistan
Afghanistan

The modern CRVS system in Afghanistan was established in 1977 under the Ministry of Interior, and a special section of the Central Statistics Office was created in 1978 for analyzing and evaluating CRVS data. In 2019, the civil registration authority became part of the National Statistics and Information Authority (NSIA) which maintains four main functions and responsibilities: statistics; geographic information systems; system development; and, national identity registration.

There are registration offices in 364 districts with supervision and training in birth and death registration. The NSIA is also responsible for the calculation of indicators, compilation of collected information, statistical analysis, report writing and the dissemination of vital statistics.
Another key ministry for CRVS in Afghanistan is the Ministry of Public Health which is responsible for the collection of vital statistics data through health facilities and the health information management systems.

Legislation mandates that all civil events such as births, deaths, marriage, and divorce are to be reported, with all births and deaths to be registered within six months. There are currently no penalties for non-reporting and the registration of vital events is not widely practiced by the population. Birth registration occurs predominantly at health centers and there are no fees for registration. It is not necessary to have a birth certificate to gain entry to school. However, it is mandatory to have a national identification card.

There is little death registration and cause of death data is often not recorded accurately. Both private and public doctors can certify the cause of death, whereas deaths outside the hospital can be certified by the community leader or a non-professional registrar. Death certification is not necessary for funerals, or claiming pension or heritage services. Verbal autopsy is not widely used, and the International Classification of Disease is not routinely used in recording causes of death.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Ghazalan Koofi, Director, Department of Birth and Death Registration, Afghanistan Central Civil Registration Authority

RSG Member:

Mr. Hasibullah Mowahed, Deputy Director General on Professional Affairs

Afghanistan

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.
1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.
2.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.
3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.

Goal 1. Universal civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events

Goal 1 is an expression of the internationally accepted principle of the universal coverage of civil registration. The CRVS system should register all vital events occurring in the territory and jurisdiction of the country or area, including among hard-to-reach and marginalized populations.

National Targets:

1.A
By 2024, at least 80 per cent of births in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

BASELINE

2015

37%

MIDTERM

2018

47.3%

TARGET

2024

80%

1.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of children under 5 years old in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.
1.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of all individuals in the territory and jurisdiction have had their birth registered.

baseline

39.5%

1.D
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths that take place in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are registered.

baseline

1.5%

MIDTERM

2018

9.4%

1.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths recorded by the health sector in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year have a medically certified cause of death recorded using the international form of the death certificate.

baseline

33.3%

MIDTERM

2018

2.5%

Goal 2. All individuals are provided with legal documentation of civil registration of births, deaths and other vital events, as necessary, to claim identity, civil status and ensuing rights

Goal 2 reflects that CRVS systems provide legal documentation of civil registration to individuals and families for legal and administrative purposes. Legal documentation is strongly linked with a broad range of rights and activities, in particular legal identity. This goal addresses the distinction between the civil registration of a vital event and the possession of formal proof that it took place, in the form of legal documentation.

National Targets:

2.A
By 2024, at least 85 per cent of all births registered in the territory and jurisdiction are accompanied with the issuance of an official birth certificate that includes, as a minimum, the individual’s name, sex, date and place of birth, and name of parent(s) where known.

baseline

2015

41%

TARGET

2024

85%

2.B
By 2024, at least … per cent of all deaths registered in the territory and jurisdiction in the given year are accompanied with the issuance of an official death certificate which includes, as a minimum, the deceased’s name, date of death, sex, and age.

baseline

41%

Goal 3. Accurate, complete and timely vital statistics (including on causes of death) are produced based on registration records and are disseminated

Goal 3 highlights the critical importance of civil registration being linked to the production and quality assurance of vital statistics on the occurrence and characteristics of vital events.

National Targets:

3.A
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on births – disaggregated by age of mother, sex of child, geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.B
By … (year), annual nationally representative statistics on deaths – disaggregated by age, sex, cause of death defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate), geographic area and administrative subdivision – are produced from registration records or other valid administrative data sources.
3.C
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths occurring in health facilities or with the attention of a medical practitioner have an underlying cause of death code derived from the medical certificate according to the standards defined by ICD (latest version as appropriate).
3.D
By 2024, the proportion of deaths coded to ill-defined codes will have been reduced to … per cent.

MIDTERM

2018

0.4%

3.E
By 2024, at least … per cent of deaths taking place outside of a health facility and without the attention of a medical practitioner have their underlying cause of death code determined through verbal autopsy in line with international standards.
3.F
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on births and deaths using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within one calendar year.
3.G
By … (year), key summary tabulations of vital statistics on causes of death using registration records as the primary source, are made available in the public domain in electronic format annually, and within two calendar years.
3.H
By … (year), an accurate, complete and timely vital statistics report for the previous two years, using registration records as the primary source, is made available in the public domain.
Afghanistan

National Coordination Mechanism

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

Comprehensive Assessment

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

National Targets for 2024

Status in Afghanistan: In progress

Monitoring & Reporting Plan

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

Inequality Assessment

Status in Afghanistan: Not started

National Strategy

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

National Focal Point

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

Reporting to ESCAP

Status in Afghanistan: Complete

Afghanistan Events
The second CR8 meeting was jointly organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the…
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
13 November 2018 - 15 November 2018
The Regional Steering Group is responsible for providing regional oversight and guidance for the implementation of the Regional Action Framework on…
24 July 2018 - 25 July 2018
The UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (UNICEF-ROSA) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) are…
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
09 December 2015 - 10 December 2015
The workshop for National CRVS Focal Points is aimed at strengthening capacities for setting national targets and collecting, compiling and…
Afghanistan News
30 August 2018
The first meeting of the Civil Registration Professionals of South Asia (CR8) took place between 24 - 25 July in Kathmandu, Nepal. Co-organized by…
29 January 2018
The CRVS Secretariat of the Cabinet Division, Government of Bangladesh organized the "International Conference on CRVS, 2018" on 23-25 January 2018…
11 January 2018
19 island countries in the Pacific are working together to build a single civil registration network, so that data on vital events are accurately…
03 April 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
29 April 2016
Here you can find recent news, events and blogs relevant for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific.   Subscribe for more ! To receive regular updates on the…
Afghanistan Resources
Training and Tools, 2019
This resource provides a full list of members for the Regional Steering Group for CRVS in Asia and the Pacific. The list includes members for both…
Newsletters, 2019
Articles 23 Member Countries have already reported on their CRVS progress since 2015 South Asia makes huge progress in birth registration, shows…
Report, 2018
Civil registration is a priority on the policy agenda of countries across South Asia. The governments in the region are committed to achieving the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, Report, 2019
The "Status of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in South Asia" report documents the policies, systems and procedures in place for the…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2015
The Afghanistan Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Country Strategic Plan 2016-2020 was commissioned by the World Health Office in Kabul…
Country Assessments and Strategies, 2011
This document features nine recent innovations and lessons learned from UNICEF programmes which are illustrative examples of some of our work on…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Workshop on ensuring the recognition of the legal identity of all women and children in ASEAN Ten new countries join the Global…
Presentations, 2015
Presentation to the Sub-regional Asian workshop on applying principles and recommendations for implementing the Regional Action Framework for…
Advocacy Materials, 2017
Civil Registration and Vital Statistics play a key role in facilitating progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. A well-functioning CRVS…
Newsletters, 2017
Articles Smart phone app to revolutionize the birth registration system in Pakistan Afghanistan making strides towards universal registration…
Report, 2015
The purpose of this report is to review the available data, both quantitative and qualitative, on the type and magnitude of gender-related under-…
Advocacy Materials, Country Assessments and Strategies, 2017
Do you want to know how many countries in Asia and the Pacific have a CRVS coordination mechanism? Are you interested in how ambitious the national…
Meeting Documents, UN Official Documents, 2016
The seventy-first session of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific adopted resolution 71/14 on the Asian and Pacific Civil…
Presentations, 2014
This material was presented at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics 24 – 28 November 2014, Mr. Nicholas Oakeshott,…
International Standards and Recommendations, UN Official Documents, 2014
Through Commission resolution 69/15, countries in Asia and the Pacific requested that further regional action be taken to support the improvement of…
Country Statements, 2014
Afghanistan issued this statement in the Ministerial Conference agenda item 6 regarding the State of civil registration and vital statistics in Asia…
Country Statements, 2014
Country statement delivered during the Ministerial Conference under agenda item 4 - Implementation of the Regional Action Framework on CRVS in Asia…
Advocacy Materials, Meeting Documents, 2014
The Ministerial Declaration to "Get every one in the picture' in Asia and the Pacific was made at the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration…
Meeting Documents, Report, UN Official Documents, 2014
The Report of the Ministerial Conference on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in Asia and the Pacific gives an overview of the main outcomes of…
Afghanistan

The modern CRVS system in Afghanistan was established in 1977 under the Ministry of Interior, and a special section of the Central Statistics Office was created in 1978 for analyzing and evaluating CRVS data. In 2019, the civil registration authority became part of the National Statistics and Information Authority (NSIA) which maintains four main functions and responsibilities: statistics; geographic information systems; system development; and, national identity registration.

There are registration offices in 364 districts with supervision and training in birth and death registration. The NSIA is also responsible for the calculation of indicators, compilation of collected information, statistical analysis, report writing and the dissemination of vital statistics.
Another key ministry for CRVS in Afghanistan is the Ministry of Public Health which is responsible for the collection of vital statistics data through health facilities and the health information management systems.

Legislation mandates that all civil events such as births, deaths, marriage, and divorce are to be reported, with all births and deaths to be registered within six months. There are currently no penalties for non-reporting and the registration of vital events is not widely practiced by the population. Birth registration occurs predominantly at health centers and there are no fees for registration. It is not necessary to have a birth certificate to gain entry to school. However, it is mandatory to have a national identification card.

There is little death registration and cause of death data is often not recorded accurately. Both private and public doctors can certify the cause of death, whereas deaths outside the hospital can be certified by the community leader or a non-professional registrar. Death certification is not necessary for funerals, or claiming pension or heritage services. Verbal autopsy is not widely used, and the International Classification of Disease is not routinely used in recording causes of death.

CRVS Focal Point:

Ms. Ghazalan Koofi, Director, Department of Birth and Death Registration, Afghanistan Central Civil Registration Authority

RSG Member:

Mr. Hasibullah Mowahed, Deputy Director General on Professional Affairs

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